That Anti-Science Movement

I am sure you know someone who explains everything away as ‘false science’…..if not then you are very fortunate for they are everywhere and rattling on about everything.

How do these ‘people’ come by their misguided belief that all science is ‘false’ of ‘fake’?

Anti-science beliefs are built on four foundations, or bases, the authors said. These foundations are: thinking scientific sources lack credibility; identifying with groups that have anti-science attitudes; a scientific message that contradicts a person’s current beliefs; and a mismatch between how a message is presented and a person’s style of thinking.

“What all four of these bases have in common is they reveal what happens when scientific information conflicts with what people already think or their style of thought,” said co-author Richard Petty, professor of psychology at Ohio State.

For starters, industries are degrading trust in science by hijacking scientific credentials, using “sciency” sounding claims to bolster their clout for profits; pharmaceutical companies have most certainly given us plenty of reasons not to trust them. What’s more, science doesn’t always get things right, and large factions of the media are stoking sentiments against “elitist” experts and bolstering anti-science views.

All this doubt, conflict, and information overload are eroding people’s trust in scientists, and those of us often responsible for conveying scientific information to the public, like the media and government officials, are fairing even worse on the trust scales.

This distrust of the source of information is one of the four main barriers to accepting science Philipp-Muller and colleagues identify in their review.  

When information challenges a person’s core beliefs, challenges the group they identify with, or doesn’t match their learning style are the other main barriers the team highlighted.

“What all four of these bases have in common is they reveal what happens when scientific information conflicts with what people already think or their style of thought,” explains Petty.

https://www.sciencealert.com/distrust-in-science-is-causing-harm-but-these-researchers-have-a-plan

We need to fight for the science….but this will be an uphill battle for social media is a powerful tool to be used by the anti-science faction.

All we can do is ask question….question everything and look for the answers….not just something that agrees with your misguided perceptions….

Do you want to know what is true?

Turn The Page!

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

Who Are The Biggest A/Holes?

Now there is a probing question for the age.

And as usual a little FYI for your weekend enjoyment.

My daughter thinks Boomers are the biggest a/holes because they gave us the Tea Party and the presidency of Donald the Orange…..

Me? I think Millennials are the biggest……. because all they seem to care about is what play station they have, their energy drinks and hot pockets….or their obsession with make-up, fashion and influencers….the rest of the country and the planet can go to Hell as long as they know who is wearing the latest bathing suit…..

But which of us is correct?

Big news……

Thank goodness for science. It reveals mysteries of the universe and, sometimes, confirms what we already know…like new research stating that middle-aged men are the biggest A-holes.

Yes, there was actually a study done at the University of Georgia on this very topic. And the results were astounding. Researchers asked almost 400 people were asked who was the most aggressive, entitled, and manipulative person they knew. Overwhelmingly, the respondents named men with an average age of 42.71 years. The assholes in question spanned the gamut, from bosses and co-workers to friends or romantic partners. If the relationship was defunct, people were more likely to identify their ex-whatevers as assholes.

What makes an asshole an asshole? Well, to be scientific about it, these disagreeable folk were generally described as devoid of empathy, lacking modesty, and being uncooperative. But wait! That’s not all! Assholes were also identified as anti-maskers, Trumpers, alcoholics, eye-rollers, and animal or child abusers. (Real gems, clearly.)

Some of these traits you may recognize as also being similar to people with psychopathic, antisocial and narcissistic personality disorders, though the researchers were quick to point out that just because someone is an asshole doesn’t mean they’re a diagnosable asshole.

Unsurprisingly, participants had little trouble pinpointing the biggest assholes in their lives.

Middle-Aged Men Are the Biggest A-Holes, Says Study That Gives Us Something to Look Forward To

According to science we both are wrong…..but I will stick with my choice for I have seen nothing that would change my mind about Millennials.

Any thoughts on your part?

Let me know about the a/holes in your life.

Turn The Page!

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

Sunday Sciencey Stuff

It is the weekend and as my usual thing I try to give my readers something to think about that they have never had a thought about in the past…..most of it is worthless news…..but that is the point try to take the reader out of their comfort zone.

First…..xenobots……

Tiny “living machines” made of frog cells can replicate themselves, making copies that can then go on to do the same. This newly described form of renewal offers insights into how to design biological machines that are self-perpetuating.

“This is an incredibly exciting breakthrough,” for the field of biologically based robotics, says Kirstin Petersen, an electrical and computer engineer at Cornell University who studies groups of robots. Robots that can copy themselves are an important step toward systems that don’t need humans to operate, she says.

Earlier this year, researchers described the behaviors of the lab-made living robots, called xenobots (SN: 3/31/21). Plucked out of frogs’ growing bodies, small clumps of skin stem cells from frog embryos knitted themselves into small spheres and began to move. Cellular extensions called cilia served as motors that powered the xenobots as they cruised around their lab dishes.

Tiny living machines called xenobots can create copies of themselves

All the talk these days is about abortion….like when is the embryo a person?  Then there is this news…..

The stem cells were no more than a week old when scientists moved them from their slick-walled plastic wells into ones lined with a thin layer of human endometrial tissue. But in that time, the cells had multiplied and transformed, organizing themselves into semi-hollow spheres. Per the instructions of the chemical cocktail in which they’d been steeping, they were trying to turn into embryos.

Video cameras captured what happened next: The balls of cells rotated until they were cavity-side-up, before finally touching down and grabbing onto the endometrial layer, a cellular proxy for a human uterus. Days later, when the scientists dipped paper test strips into the wells, pink lines appeared. Their Petri dishes were pregnant.

“These experiments clearly point out the fact that we are able to model in the dish the first touch between the embryo and the mother,” stem cell biologist Nicolas Rivron told reporters at a press conference.

Most advanced lab-grown human embryos prompt a pressing question: Are they getting too real?

Now this is a subject that needs debate.

Man’s search for nuclear fusion is coming to a head…..

he ancient village of Culham, nestled in a bend of the River Thames west of London, seems an unlikely launching pad for the future. But next year, construction will start here on a gleaming building of glass and steel that could house what many people consider to be an essential technology to meet demand for clean energy in the twenty-first century and beyond.

Long derided as a prospect that is forever 30 years away, nuclear fusion seems finally to be approaching commercial viability. There are now more than 30 private fusion firms globally, according to an October survey by the Fusion Industry Association (FIA) in Washington DC, which represents companies in the sector; the 18 firms that have declared their funding say they have attracted more than US$2.4 billion in total, almost entirely from private investments (see ‘Fusion funding’). Key to these efforts are advances in materials research and computing that are enabling technologies other than the standard designs that national and international agencies have pursued for so long.

https://www.nature.com/immersive/d41586-021-03401-w/index.html

Mars has long been a source of fascination….a shame that it cannot support life as we know…..but that may not be completely true….

Any long term human presence on Mars — colonization, research, visit and travel — that didn’t confine settlers to airtight compounds would rely on a stable atmosphere that doesn’t lose too many particles or fry human bodies with too much radiation.

Now, scientists from a star-studded list of universities and organizations, including NASA’s own chief scientist James Lauer Green, are suggesting that we protect humans on Mars from deadly atmospheric conditions by jumpstarting the planet’s magnetic field.

“For a long-term human presence on Mars to be established, serious thought would need to be given to terraforming the planet,” the team wrote in a new paper that will print in the journal Acta Astronautica in January 2022, first spotted by Universe Today. “One major requirement for such terraforming is having the protection of a planetary magnetic field which Mars currently does not have.”

https://futurism.com/scientists-propose-jumpstarting-mars-magnetic-field

I saved the best news for last….hopefully the reader made it this far…..

The US Air Force will receive an improved in-flight bladder relief device early next month, helping fighter pilots, especially females, to urinate more easily.

A sortie can be up to 10 hours long, F-35A Lightning II pilot Maj. Nikki Yogi said, approximating the duration between her Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska, and Guam. 

Having had a poor experience with her device while deployed as an A-10 pilot in 2017, Yogi added, “A pilot should be focused on taking the fight to the enemy, not on whether their bladder relief device is going to work or be comfortable to use.” 

US Air Force Develops Improved In-Flight Peeing Device

This could be a commercial moneymaker….gamers will spend their hard earned money to go through a game without a pee break.

That wraps up the most worthless news available…..you may thank me later.

Have a good day and be well and safe…..

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

Closing Thought–15Nov21

For decades scientists have been chasing the elusive power source known a nuclear fusion…..chasing and never seemingly close to a break through…..and then the Chinese release news that their scientists have made an astonishing discovery…..

Nuclear fusion is the holy grail of energy production. If cracked, the tech could provide us with unlimited clean and cheap energy. But cracking it has been hard to do so far. Many have announced breakthroughs in the field, there’s even a supposed race to crack nuclear fusion, and yet the field never seems to advance in a substantial way.

Now, Chinese scientists in Shanghai have been working on a project to replicate the sun’s energy process with a comparatively low-cost approach and, after a year of experiments, the technique has shown promise, according to the South China Morning Post.

“Our goal is to achieve sustainable fusion,” project lead Zhang Zhe from the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Physics in Beijing said in a phone interview to SCMP.

What does this new process consist of? The scientists are firing powerful laser beam pulses at a tiny pair of gold cones with narrow ends which face each other and emit a plasma of hydrogen. The collision of these two hot gas streams achieved at precisely the right time and place, and in the right manner, could result in nuclear fusion.

How will this project be adapted for power generation? Well, according to Zhe “the cones can be mass-produced and loaded as bullets in a machine that will rotate and fire like a Gatling gun.”

Three relatively successful tests have been conducted thus far by Zhe’s team and another is scheduled for next month. And although the work has not been without its fair share of challenges, initial results indicate the theory works.

“We are making progress one step at a time,” Zhe concluded. Could his team actually be the one who wins the nuclear reaction race? Only time will tell.

The team’s results thus far have been published in the domestic peer-reviewed journal Acta Physica Sinica.

(Interesting Engineering)

If fact then they deserve a huge ‘atta boy’…..

If true what will it do to power generation and the profits made?

Any Thoughts?

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

Weekend Report

The news is so damn redundant these days…abortion, Congressional antics, idiotic ramblings, etc…..for that reason I try to give my readers some news that may have been forsaken for the sensationalism….

We live in an age of flavored drinks, well flavored everything, and plant-based food, a fancy cutesy name for vegan or vegetarianism, even to the point of meat grown in labs……

For years, the former pharmaceutical industry executive watched from the sidelines as biotech startups raked in venture capital, making bold pronouncements about the future of meat. He was fascinated by their central contention: the idea that one day, soon, humans will no longer need to raise livestock to enjoy animal protein. We’ll be able to grow meat in giant, stainless-steel bioreactors—and enough of it to feed the world. These advancements in technology, the pitch went, would fundamentally change the way human societies interact with the planet, making the care, slaughter, and processing of billions of farm animals the relic of a barbaric past.

It’s a digital-era narrative we’ve come to accept, even expect: Powerful new tools will allow companies to rethink everything, untethering us from systems we’d previously taken for granted. Countless news articles have suggested that a paradigm shift driven by cultured meat is inevitable, even imminent. But Wood wasn’t convinced. For him, the idea of growing animal protein was old news, no matter how science-fictional it sounded. Drug companies have used a similar process for decades, a fact Wood knew because he’d overseen that work himself.

Lab-grown meat is supposed to be inevitable. The science tells a different story.

Since I am a meat eater I will be long dead before we are forced to grow our meat in labs.

I will admit that in my younger days, 6-s and 70s, I was an experimenter with drugs of all sorts….’shrooms were a favorite…..now there is medical evidence that these have some therapeutic benefits…..

Large quantities of psilocybin – the psychoactive compound in magic mushrooms – can be produced in a rudimentary “homebrew style environment” that doesn’t even need to be sterilized, according to a new study in the journal Bioengineered. While recreational users will still find it easier to obtain the psychedelic drug by growing or hunting mushrooms, the development of moonshine psilocybin (shroomshine?) could enable the production of large quantities of the compound for clinical use.

A swathe of recent studies have hinted at the therapeutic potential of psilocybin, primarily as a treatment for depression and other mental health disorders. However, growing and harvesting magic mushrooms is not considered an economically feasible means of meeting clinical demand, due to the slow production process and high product variability.

For this reason, scientists have spent the last few years creating genetically engineered microorganisms that can synthesize psilocybin quickly and cheaply. Last year, researchers revealed that they had successfully created the compound using yeast, although the complexity and cost of the process left room for improvement.

Building on this previous work, the authors of the new study claim to have developed an extremely cheap method of producing psilocybin using a genetically edited strain of the E. coli bacteria. Magic mushroom genes that code for the biosynthesis of psilocybin were first inserted into the microbe’s genome, before the researchers set up their own homemade lab with which to manufacture the compound.

https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/homebrew-psilocybin-created-by-scientists-using-widely-available-materials/

Ever heard of ‘restless leg syndrome’?

How about ‘restless anus syndrome’?

Yes my friends that is not a gag…..it is a real thing.

If it seems like every day you’re reading headlines about new and potentially scary COVID-19 side effects, you might not want to hear the latest story coming from a coronavirus patient in Japan. The male patient has been suffering from something called “restless anal syndrome” after contracting the virus. But before you panic, know that this seemingly rare after-effect has only been reported in this singular patient thus far, and a gastroenterologist is here to explain why there’s truly no need to worry just yet.

Here’s the scoop: A recent report published in the peer-reviewed journal BMC Infectious Diseases detailed the case of a 77-year-old man who was hospitalized for 21 days with COVID-19. After being discharged, however, he began to experience “restless, deep anal discomfort” between his anus and genitals, and an incessant feeling of the need to poop, according to the case report. (ICYDK, there are lots of reasons you might have an itchy butt or genital itching.)

https://www.shape.com/lifestyle/mind-and-body/restless-anal-syndrome-is-the-latest-side-effect-linked-to-covid-19

There you have it…the most worthless news of the day…..

Go out and have a good day…..make someone smile…..

Be Well….Be Safe….

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

The Latest On Climate

The clock is ticking!

TICK TOCK

The UN has released its report on the condition of the planet with climate change…..not at all a glowing report…..

The new week begins with grim reading from a landmark UN report about the state of the planet. The 3,000-plus page assessment of the climate concludes that while things are bad now—witness the extreme weather unfolding around the globe—they are certain to get worse in the coming decade. However, the authors say it’s possible to stave off the most dire scenarios, essentially a planet unrecognizable from the one we know today, though only if nations take immediate steps to start reining in greenhouse gas emissions. Coverage:

  • The report: Read it here. Produced by the International Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, it was written by more than 230 scientists and based on more than 14,000 studies. It’s a “code red for humanity,” says the UN, per the AP.
  • New rate: Extreme heat waves that used to hit once every 50 years now happen once a decade, say the authors, per Reuters. And that rate will almost certainly get worse. The same general trend applies to droughts and heavy rains.
  • The warming: The world has warmed about 1.1 degrees Celsius since the 19th century, and the authors say it is almost certainly too late to avoid reaching the Paris accord threshold of 1.5 degrees by 2040, reports the New York Times. At that mark, the world becomes an even more dangerous place, with more than 1 billion at risk from frequent heat waves.
  • Bleak quotes: “We can expect a significant jump in extreme weather over the next 20 or 30 years,” says Piers Forster of the University of Leeds, one of the authors. Another co-author, Linda Mearns of the US National Center for Atmospheric Research, tells the AP: “It’s just guaranteed that it’s going to get worse. I don’t see any area that is safe.”
  • Longer term: The report lays out five scenarios, and in three of them, the world surpasses 2 degrees Celsius warming by mid-century. On these tracks, it’s possible the mark could surpass 3 or even 4 degrees. In the rosiest scenario, an immediate shift away from fossil fuels would enable the rise to level off at about 1.5 degrees.
  • One forecast: A rise of 2 degrees “could trigger the inexorable collapse of the Greenland ice sheet and more than six feet of sea-level rise that could swamp coastal communities,” per the Washington Post. “Coral reefs would virtually disappear.”
  • Blame: The report says it’s “unequivocal” that human behavior has warmed the planet. As for current events: “Extreme events, heat waves, droughts, heavy precipitation: When we see these things in the news, they really are a result of climate change and the science is really able to detect that,” says co-author Jessica Tierney, of the University of Arizona, per Quartz. “You can always get an extreme flood or drought by chance, but now we can show that the chances of some of these events happening would have been almost nil.”

The planet is burning and the best we can do is ignore the coming problems.

Time is running out!

TICK TOCK

Be Smart!

Learn Stuff!

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

Those Covid ‘Jabs’

Since the program of vaccinations began there has been lies, and more lies….but there is ‘proof positive’ that these shots work and can save lies…..

Fully vaccinated people can catch the coronavirus, but the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has been saying all along that the COVID-19 vaccines prevent deaths among those patients. The CDC now has released data to back that up, showing that fewer than 0.001% of fully vaccinated people die of COVID-19. And not 0.004% of fully vaccinated people who are infected need hospitalization, CNN reports. As of July 26, when 163 million people in the US were fully vaccinated, the CDC totals for breakthrough cases show:

  • 6,587 infections.
  • 6,239 hospitalizations.
  • 1,263 deaths.
  • About three-fourths of the cases are among patients 65 and older.

Most new cases reported across the country are among the unvaccinated. Or, put another way by a health spokesman for one state, per NBC: “99.9 percent of Minnesotans who are fully vaccinated have not contracted the virus.” Still, the CDC wants everyone to mask up, after earlier relaxing its recommendations. That’s partly because of the realizations that even fully vaccinated people are spreading the troublesome delta variant. The CDC cautions that it relies on voluntary reporting by local governments, so the numbers aren’t complete; the agency calls them a snapshot. The CDC uses the data to spot patterns, and it says it’s seen nothing unexpected in the breakthrough cases so far. As the delta variant receives attention, the CDC says vaccinations are up 26% nationally in the past three weeks

I know nothing I say or write will change anyone’s mind…..

Sadly when it comes to health care….you cannot fix stupid.

Turn The Page!

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

Does Fido ‘Get You’?

It is no secret that I am a dog person….since my earliest memories there has been a canine member of the family and he was a cocker spaniel named Sarge…..and today there is my ‘hunter-seeker’ a Coonhound named MoMo.

I wrote awhile back about how ‘puppy eyes’ was an evolutionary thing with dogs……https://lobotero.com/2019/06/23/those-puppy-eyes/

Plus I wrote about the way dogs can read human emotions……https://lobotero.com/2016/01/16/why-are-dogs-mans-best-friend/

(Sadly both of those ‘friends’ have passed on)

But to the point….does your canine friend ‘get you’?

Dogs really are “man’s best friend” and “get” humans in a way other animals simply can’t relate to. Sorry “Game of Thrones” fans, a new study finds even the dog’s closest relatives — wolf pups — don’t gel with people the same way.

Researchers from Duke University say 14,000 years of domestication plays a big part in this. In fact, man’s best friend has actually evolved to understand human gestures and look to humans for help in a way that no other animals do.

Study authors, who compared wolf pups raised by humans to dogs who had barely any contact with people, discovered that dogs still outperform their wolf counterparts in tests of their understanding and co-operation with humans. The team behind the research adds their results show dogs instinctively understand people.

“This study really solidifies the evidence that the social genius of dogs is a product of domestication,” says Dr. Brian Hare, a professor of evolutionary anthropology, in a university release.

Dogs ‘just get’ humans in ways other animals can’t, evolutionary scientists conclude

If you would like to have more information…..then these are interesting articles….

https://www.dw.com/en/puppy-dog-eyes-developed-to-manipulate-humans/a-49241736

Can Your Dog Manipulate You? Research Says Yes.

There is a reason that dogs are man’s best friend and science has proved it.

As a bonus….does “Fido’ know when you are lying to them?

Answer:  you bet your butt they do!

What the researchers discovered is that unlike in previous similar experiments with children under age 5, Japanese macaques or chimpanzees, dogs weren’t so quick to believe our lies.

The scientists believe that young children and non-human primates were more likely to believe the lie because of the person telling it, but the dogs more often than not just went with what their eyes were telling them – the person was lying.

https://brobible.com/culture/article/science-dogs-ignore-if-you-lying/

Have a wonderful Sunday…..Be well and be safe……

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

Sunday’s Sciencey Stuff

If it is a Sunday then it must mean science stuff.

The age old question…”do you want to live forever”?

If so then there may be a way…..

Russian transhumanist Alexey Turchin has shared a new “roadmap to immortality,” which proposes several different plans (with backup plans!) for extending human life through technology. Here’s the gist, as he explains it:

Scientist proposes new plan to “resurrect” the dead with a Dyson Sphere, kind of

Dr. Frankenstein would be pleased.

If you do not think that first question was age old then maybe this one will suit your fancy….”are UFOs real”?

These are 23 of the best reasons that they are…….

1. “Aliens are long gone.”

“The odds that humans will cross paths with another intelligent life form are slim. What if the aliens we are looking for are an extinct race of beings that existed millions of years ago? Maybe their civilization peaked during the age of the dinosaurs or even earlier. Who knows? They may have visited Earth when the most complex life was a single-cell organism and just moved on.”

u/Reno83

https://www.buzzfeed.com/andrewziegler/ufo-theories

If you are interested in UFOs then you have most likely seen the video that has been said ‘proof positive’ of their existence…..or does it?

A fascinating clip of what appeared to be triangular or “pyramid” shaped UFOs flying over a US Navy warship circulated online earlier this month.

The footage, obtained by filmmaker Jeremy Corbell, shows the mysterious objects caught on a night vision camera aimed at the skies over the warship.

“I can confirm that the referenced photos and videos were taken by Navy personnel,” Department of Defense spokesperson Sue Gough told Futurism last week.

The incident left plenty of questions unanswered. What were these stranger pyramid-shaped objects, or were they some type of optical illusion? If they were real, where did they come from?

https://futurism.com/this-theory-could-explain-many-military-ufo-sightings

Appears that all the tension with the West and Russia has  new casualty….the ISS…..Russia wants to go it alone….

Relations on Earth between Russia and the West are strained at the moment, with the country mired in controversy over the health status of dissident Alexei Navalny and the buildup of Russian forces at the Ukraine border. Now, there could soon be a distancing in outer space, too: The head of Russia’s space agency has announced that it may ditch the International Space Station in 2025, then launch its own space station by 2030, reports Reuters. “If … we can put it into orbit, it will be a colossal breakthrough,” Roscosmos chief Dmitry Rogozin said Wednesday, per Interfax. “The will is there to take a new step in world manned space exploration.” Russian cosmonauts have collaborated with counterparts from the US and more than a dozen other nations on the ISS since 1998, but that space station is aging, and the country’s contract regarding it ends in 2024.

“We can’t risk the lives [of our cosmonauts],” Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov said on state TV, per the BBC, adding that the current space station’s creaky state could eventually lead to “catastrophe,” and that the country will reassess ISS’ condition in 2024 and make further decisions from there. Russia would manage the building of the new space station, though it would be open to partners helping with construction, Borisov noted. One big anticipated difference with the new space station: It wouldn’t be able to be manned year-round like the ISS, as its planned orbital path would mean radiation would be much higher. The Moscow Times notes the project, which is expected to cost more than $5 billion, hasn’t yet been approved, per Interfax. Futurism features a video of work on the first base module.

I truly like honey….I eat it a lot…..but recently I read something disturbing about my favorite sweetener…..

Some cesium with your chamomile tea? If you use honey, there’s a distinct possibility you may have ingested the radioactive version of the element, thanks to nuclear fallout from decades-ago bomb tests that’s showing up in US honey, per Science. In research published last month in Nature Communications, scientists took samples of locally produced raw honey from the eastern US, all the way from Maine to Florida, and tested it for radiocesium. The radioactive material was ejected into the upper atmosphere from nuclear bombs tested in the 1950s and ’60s—in Nevada, New Mexico, and the Marshall Islands, among other places—then swept across the world by wind, before drifting back to Earth as microscopic pieces. Of the 122 samples collected, 68 of them were found to have more than 0.03 becquerels per kilogram of radiocesium, with one sample in Florida coming in at 19.1 becquerels per kilogram. Samples with the highest levels seemed to come from the Southeast.

Even though the nuclear tests decades ago took place out west, wind and rain patterns brought the fallout to the East Coast. Popular Mechanics notes that levels in Southeast may be particularly high because there isn’t as much potassium there for plants to suck up as in other regions, leading them to grab radiocesium instead, which has similar properties. So how concerned should honey lovers be about this development? Not very, the FDA says, as 1200 becquerels per kilogram would be the level where safety concerns would emerge. “I eat more honey now than I did before I started the project—and I have kids, I feed them honey,” study co-author James Kaste tells Science. Still, a University of Utah geologist notes it’s still important to track how nuclear fallout circulates so we can keep tabs on the health of agriculture and ecosystems, and to see if radioactive elements may be harmful to other species, like bees. “We need to pay attention to these things,” says Thure Cerling.

The disturbing thing is I live in the Southeast where the levels are highest….but this should not stop my from my favorite sweet…..

This concludes the sciencey stuff…..

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

Those Body Farms

Those feet keep showing up in Canada….

“Please don’t call them ‘severed feet.'” So says forensic scientist Gail Anderson of Simon Fraser University, whose research involving dead pigs plays a big role in getting to the bottom of a mystery that flummoxed Canadian locals and police near the Salish Sea off British Columbia’s Vancouver Island for years: Why were sneaker-clad feet washing ashore? In an excerpt from Erika Engelhaupt’s Gory Details: Adventures From the Dark Side of Science, National Geographic shares the fascinating science. The first foot washed up on August 20, 2007, and another—also a right foot in a men’s size 12 sneaker—was found six days later. Over a 12-year period, 15 feet were found, leading to theories ranging from a serial killer to aliens. Science ultimately proved otherwise.

Engelhaupt recounts a 1977 Navy study that got to the first question: Does a dead body float or sink? The study determined that sinking to the bottom was likeliest, and a forensic anthropologist with the British Columbia Coroners Service explains that water pressure stops the expansion of gases that could otherwise bring the bodies back up. As for why the feet would have been come back up, in her work with dead pigs Anderson found underwater scavengers like shrimp and crabs gravitated toward softer tissues and ligaments, which is exactly what you’ll find in our ankles. That makes it likely the feet naturally separated thanks to those scavengers. Credit today’s sneakers for the rise, too: Most feature foam and gas-filled pockets in the soles that make them buoyant. But who do the feet belong to? Police now have an answer in nine of the cases, and all are thought to have died via accident or suicide.

This article got me to thinking about ‘body farms’.

If you watch “Bones” then you were exposed to the idea of a body farm.

But what but Hell is a “body farm”?

Body farms, really, are just outdoor laboratories. Using donated human bodies, the aim is to get a better understanding of the decomposition process. Monitoring the different processes of decomposition in various environments, the research findings can then further understanding in forensics.

The term “body farm” can imply some slightly unsettling things. But, a body farm really is not scary or unsettling at all. In truth, a body farm is simply a research facility where human decomposition is studied. This may not sound appealing or appetizing to some people, but the study of human decomposition is very important. It helps both scientists and law enforcement to develop methods for identifying human remains, and also to learn more about the person’s life and lifestyle.

Most body farms accept donated human remains. Depending on the policies of the body farm, this may or may not affect planning for a funeral. It is possible to finalize arrangements for a donation before death, or family members and loved ones can make arrangements after the fact.

A short definition…..but where did this idea originate?

In the middle of the woods, just a few miles from Alcoa Highway in Tennessee, you may come across a 1-hectare (2.5-acre) plot surrounded by a razor-wire fence.

The plot, which we’d highly advise you don’t enter if you’re squeamish, is home to the world’s first “body farm“, where human bodies are left to rot in the open, locked in trunks of cars, or submerged in water, all watched closely by scientists to see what happens next.

Body farms as a concept are a surprisingly late invention, conceived by anthropologist William M. Bass in 1971. Bass had spent most of his career in Kansas. In the state, given the massive amounts of land, it was often the case that bodies weren’t discovered for years, meaning when he was asked to identify remains, he was generally working on a skeleton.

https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/the-strange-tale-of-how-a-civil-war-murder-mystery-led-to-the-invention-of-body-farms/

Now you know all there is to know about the history behind the term ‘body farm’…..

Be Smart!

Learn Stuff!

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”