Today In 1811

Yep my friends…that time again….your history lesson…..

Ever heard of Ned Ludd?

No?

How about the Luddites?

Luddites are those people that see a scary future in technology and mechanization……

On this day in 1811 Ned Ludd lead a wild protest against mechanization…….

“Luddite” is now a blanket term used to describe people who dislike new technology, but its origins date back to a 19th century labor movement that railed against the economic fallout of the Industrial Revolution. The original Luddites were British weavers and textile workers who objected to the increased use of automated looms and knitting frames. Most were trained artisans who had spent years learning their craft, and they feared that unskilled machine operators were robbing them of their livelihood. When their appeals for government aid and assistance were ignored, a few desperate weavers began breaking into factories and smashing textile machines. They called themselves “Luddites” after Ned Ludd, a young apprentice who was rumored to have wrecked a textile apparatus in the late-18th century. There’s no evidence Ludd actually existed—like Robin Hood, he was said to reside in Sherwood Forest—but he eventually became the mythical leader of the movement. The vandals claimed to be following orders from “General Ludd,” and they even issued manifestoes and threatening letters under his name.

The first major instances of machine breaking took place in 1811 in Nottingham, and the practice soon spread across the English countryside. Sledgehammer-wielding Luddites attacked and burned factories, and in some cases they even exchanged gunfire with company guards and soldiers. The workers hoped their raids would encourage a ban on weaving machines, but the British government instead moved to quash the uprisings by making machine breaking punishable by death. The unrest finally reached its peak in April 1812, when a few Luddites were gunned down during an attack on a mill near Huddersfield. The army rounded up many of the dissidents in the days that followed, and dozens were hanged or transported to Australia. By 1813, the Luddite resistance had all but vanished. It wasn’t until the 20th century that their name re-entered the popular lexicon as a synonym for “technophobe.”

https://www.history.com/news/who-were-the-luddites

More Luddite stuff!

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/what-the-luddites-really-fought-against-264412/

Of course we are the future and we have to have our own term…..Neo-Luddism…….

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neo-Luddism

Now you know more than you knew yesterday……

Learn Stuff!

Class Dismissed!

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What Is She Thinking?

On this weekend in March I was having a helluva time thinking of something to write about….and then my canine companion, MoMo, gave me an idea…..I watched her analyze a door conundrum she had and she worked out how to get it open so she could go outside….

She spends a lot of time making me feel guilty about some things….

What is she thinking?

This is a planter I was going to use for my salad greens but someone decided otherwise……

What is she thinking?

Watching the world go by one car at a time……

What is she thinking?

The “snake” most die!

What is she thinking?

Okay you get the point, right?

I ask because of an extensive study done on dogs…….I am always fascinated when a study is done that involves our canine companions…..

We tend to think of humans as visual mammals and dogs as olfactory and auditory mammals, but science is challenging these stereotypes. The visual world we make available to our dogs is worth considering because it can impact their well-being. Let’s consider the canine visual cosmos.

Visual acuity in humans is often described using what’s called the Snellen fraction, which is the well-known ratio of “20/20” or “20/40” that represents the quality of one’s eyesight. Dogs have a Snellen fraction of 20/75. This means that what we can see at 75 feet, a dog can see only at 20 feet. Using this method of measuring acuity, dogs have worse vision than humans. But it would be wrong to claim that dogs don’t see as well as humans, since the Snellen fraction provides only one small window into the larger sense of sight. It would be more accurate to say that dogs and humans see the world differently. The visual acuity of dogs evolved to meet dogs’ unique needs, and different doesn’t necessarily mean better or worse.

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/animal-emotions/201903/how-dogs-see-the-world-some-facts-about-the-canine-cosmos

Any one that loves dogs and are fascinated with their antics this study is interesting……

That does it for me on this Saturday……MoMo is demanding attention…I must comply…..resistance is futile…….and a must read.

Have a great day….Be Well, Be Safe…..chuq

Climate Change For A Sunday

We are back to warm weather and rain…..the garden will be happy but MoMo is not……the weekend is a time for reflection and meditation……(not really just time to do those honey dos)…..

Climate change has returned to the national dialog……especially since the introduction of the Dems “Green New Deal”…….I posted a couple of articles on this “plan”…….https://lobotero.com/2019/02/21/that-green-new-deal-2/

After that plan I found another plan to help with climate change….ever hear of “geoengineering”?

Nope?

Now you have……


Harvard’s Gernot Wagner wants to save the world from global warming. His method? Develop a new type of plane that will fly more than 4,000 missions a year dumping particulates into the stratosphere.

Wagner and his colleague Wake Smith call the proposed plane “SAI Lofter (SAIL).” Anonymous individuals at “Airbus, Atlas Air, Boeing, Bombardier, GE Engines, Gulfstream, Lockheed Martin, NASA, Near Space Corporation, Northrup Grumman, Rolls Royce Engines, Scaled Composites, The Spaceship Company, and Virgin Orbit” provided input.

Estimates for SAIL’s design and operation seem sophisticated but are fabricated. Wagner and Smith admit, “No existing aircraft design—even with extensive modifications—can reasonably fulfill [their] mission.”

Wagner and others believe that scientists can calculate how many particulates will be needed to cool the Earth to a desired temperature.

 
At least this is a plan as is the Green New Deal….all are heads above any plan the GOP may have (BTW they have NOTHING to offer in the fight with climate change)

That is about all I have on this Sunday….I am being prodded to get off my butt and go for that delayed walk…..MoMo is persistent if not anything…LOL

When Mars Attacks?

I got to thinking after a post from last weekend about “alien life”…….what if Mars attacks?

I could go into a review of The Expanse: Season 3….but that would be cheating…..I am offering up what could happen if we have an “alien contact”….no not those “aliens”…..real life ones from a galaxy far far away.

This could be a reality for after all we have spent 50+ years sending messages to space for others to call us or to stop by for a chat……(personally, I do not think those are good ideas)

The Chinese government has promised to investigate the unidentified flying object that forced Xiaoshan Airport to delay 18 flights last week. Tabloids rushed to cover the incident, with the U.K. Sun making a gratuitous “alien craft” reference, and video footage on YouTube led to numerous comments regarding the existence of extraterrestrial life. What if aliens were to make contact—do we have an E.T. contingency plan?

Sort of. The U.S. government is not particularly interested in alien planning. Starting in 1947, the Air Force made a formal study of UFOs but stopped investigations in 1969 after having failed to uncover any evidence of extraterrestrial vehicles or of a threat to national security. In 1992, the government paid for a SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) project through NASA—the Microwave Observing Program’s mission was to conduct targeted analyses of nearby stars—but deemed it unworthy of funding one year later. There is, however, a nongovernmental organization established by the International Academy of Astronautics to “prepare, reflect on, manage, advise, and consult in preparation for … a putative signal of extraterrestrial intelligent (ETI) origin.” That organization, the SETI: Post-Detection Taskgroup helmed by the theoretical physicist Paul Davies, has a set of recommendations in place.

https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2010/07/do-we-have-an-alien-contact-contingency-plan.html

Really! Do we have a plan when ET comes for a visit?

The science fiction movie “Arrival,” which opened in theaters last weekend, poses tantalizing questions about how humans might make contact — and eventually communicate — with intelligent aliens. The much-hyped film has renewed people’s interest in the search for intelligent life elsewhere in the universe. But what would happen if humans really did make contact with an intelligent alien civilization? If E.T. calls, is there a plan?

The answer is yes, and no, said astronomer Seth Shostak, who leads efforts to detect radio signals from extraterrestrial civilizations at the SETI Institute in Mountain View, California.

“There are some protocols, but I think that’s an unfortunate name, and it makes them sound more important than they are,” Shostak told Live Science. [Greetings, Earthlings! 8 Ways Aliens Could Contact Us]

https://www.livescience.com/56886-arrival-movie-alien-contact-protocol.html

To answer my question ….then yes we have a plan….the UN has put together protocols for a future meeting……

The United Nations Office of Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) has announced that it will consider drafting protocols for what to do when we finally make contact with extra-terrestrial civilizations in space. What’s prompting the UN to consider this possibility is the fact that astronomers are expected to announce, perhaps later this year or next year, that our satellites (such as Kepler and Corot) have identified earth-like planets in space. So far, almost 500 large Jupiter-sized planets have been discovered, but earth-like planets are much more difficult to identify.

https://bigthink.com/dr-kakus-universe/un-to-establish-protocols-for-when-we-make-contact-with-aliens

Want more info on UNOOSA……http://www.unoosa.org/

It is always good to have a plan beforehand……never get caught flat footed as they say.

Gimme More! Gimme!

The weekend begins……

I was writing a post about the uses of psychedelics to treat some mental illness and got to think about how when using drugs it seems to be never enough and the need for more and more and then the addiction begins…..(or so I am old or did I read that or was it something else?)

I have written on this continuing story……

https://lobotero.com/2019/02/02/freaky-saturday-02feb19/

https://lobotero.com/2019/02/23/freaky-saturday-2019-part-2/

Now of course we have a new study that touches on this…..

Growing up, neuroscientist Judith Grisel would take little sips of alcohol at family events, but it wasn’t until she was 13 that she experienced being drunk for the first time. Everything changed.

“It was so complete and so profound,” she says. “I suddenly felt less anxious, less insecure, less inept to cope with the world. Suddenly I was full and OK in a way that I had never been.”

Grisel began chasing that feeling. Over the years, she struggled with alcohol, marijuana and cocaine. But along the way, she also became interested in the neuroscience of addiction.

“I’m always interested in the mechanisms of things,” she says. “And when I heard that I had a disease, I kind of felt naturally that that would have a biological basis, and I figured that I could study that biological basis and understand it and then maybe fix it.”

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2019/02/12/693814827/a-neuroscientist-explores-the-biology-of-addiction-in-never-enough

Never notice that all things that are likeable are also dangerous in one form or another?

That be it for this Sunday…..MoMo wants some attention and she does not take no for an answer……see you guys tomorrow….chuq

Space: Where No One Hears You Scream

I am one of the few people posting on the possibility of the creation of a new branch of the military……a Space Force or Corps. I am watching because I want to know how it will be funded and what services will suffer to do so.

Trump will soon approve the creation of this “Force”……

President Donald Trump will sign a directive on Tuesday to establish a new branch of the military dedicated to space but instead of being a fully independent department it will remain part of the Air Force to assuage concerns in Congress, a senior administration official told POLITICO.

The presidential directive, formally called Space Policy Directive 4, will set the groundwork for a subsequent legislative proposal for Congress, which will have the final say over what has been a signature military objective since Trump announced his intentions nearly a year ago.

 
DoD to request funds for the Space Force HQ as a starting point……
 

The Defense Department is expected to request approximately $270 million in its fiscal year 2020 budget to stand up a Space Force headquarters, a Space Development Agency and U.S. Space Command, according to draft documents.

The amount is modest compared to multibillion-dollar estimates that have been floated in the past several months. The 2020 request would cover the cost of setting up the Space Development Agency, U.S. Space Command and the Space Force headquarters — if and when Congress authorizes the establishment of the new branch. The Pentagon projects that the Space Force budget will increase over the next several years due to mission demands.

https://spacenews.com/pentagon-budget-proposal-funds-space-force-headquarters-as-a-starting-point/

If we are to have this unneeded Space Force then why are experts silent?

The last time the United States considered the creation of a new military service, there was an extensive debate within the military departments, Congress and the public sphere. Airpower’s great advocates, with names like Billy Mitchell, Hap Arnold, and Tooey Spaatz became established in the collective zeitgeist long before war-time exploits or Air Force base names would inscribe them more permanently to history.

There was an expectation that military members, as public servants and the experts on various forms of warfare, would have a voice in informing the debate. However, the ultimate decision to create an independent air force would be a political one. All service members, constitutionally beholden to civilian control, would then be expected to unquestioningly comply.  

https://thehill.com/opinion/national-security/429665-in-the-space-force-debate-the-militarys-space-experts-are-missing

There is so much BS swirling around this issue…..it is difficult to see who wants it and who is against it…..the one thing for sure….it will cost money we do not have.

Finally!  We now know why we need a “Space Force”…..Gay aliens!

Making a major announcement at the Pentagon on Thursday, Vice-President Mike Pence said that the proposed United States Space Force was necessary to defend the U.S. from gay aliens.

“I stand before you today to say that this country is under attack from outer-space gays,” Pence told the military gathering. “Only Space Force can protect us from their unimaginable evil.”

Pence detailed a nightmare scenario in which “gay aliens by the thousands” land in the U.S. in “seemingly cute spacecraft” and “subvert life in America as we know it.”

https://www.newyorker.com/humor/borowitz-report/pence-calls-space-force-necessary-to-protect-us-from-gay-aliens

SERIOUSLY!  READ THAT FROM OUR MENTAL MIDGET VP!

I glad to know that Trump will protect us from those damn “gay aliens”……how about you?

What price stupid?

Let’s Talk Space The Final Frontier

As per usual I try to be an FYI blog on weekends because I get enough “news” during the week and as I pass it on my readers get a lot of info they do not need……so on weekends I try to be a “fun” blog….

Amazing things are happening in our space program (not our proposed Space Force but actual research)……

NASA made news on several fronts recently…..Mars first…..

NASA’s intrepid Martian explorer, Curiosity, is slowly crawling its way up the side of the three mile (~five kilometre) high Mount Sharp on the surface of the red planet.

Navigating the Martian surface can be risky (just look at the damage done to Curiosity’s wheels!) but the rover’s accelerometers and gyroscopes make the journey a little easier. And scientists have realized those instruments can be recalibrated to help Curiosity measure Mars’ gravity.

The research, published in Science on Jan. 31, describes how NASA collaborators at research universities such as Johns Hopkins were able to take gravity measurements by repurposing data from Curiosity rovers exquisitely precise sensors. 

https://www.cnet.com/news/nasas-curiosity-rover-makes-unexpected-discovery-on-mars-mountain/

The hunt for traces of ancient life on Mars has yielded some promising results. Observations from instruments aboard NASA’s Curiosity rover suggest that 3.5 billion years ago, Gale crater held a low-acidity, low-salinity lake. Meanwhile, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter has found evidence of an ancient lagoonlike landscape with mild acidity and elevated salinity in the Robert Sharp crater. Both settings may have been hospitable to life.

These instruments also have revealed the presence of akaganeite in the craters, an oxide mineral found in various locations on Earth. Terrestrial akaganeite usually forms in acidic, saline wet environments and likely also formed in wet conditions in the Martian craters. Exactly how it could have formed in two very different environments on Mars is still unclear.

https://eos.org/research-spotlights/researchers-bring-early-martian-water-chemistry-to-life

On to Jupiter…….

A puzzling moon. A dark journey. A hunt for extra-terrestrial life. NASA knows it has a sexy mission on its hands with the Europa Clipper: “People care about it, people want to know about this mysterious world that might harbor life,” NASA scientist Robert Pappalardo tells Space.com. But NASA is still designing the spacecraft that will launch as early as 2023, pass Jupiter’s icy Europa moon about 40 times, and gather data about its composition, geology, and unseen ocean. Any possible life there exists underwater, where microorganisms might be feeding on seafloor geologic activity; the solar system’s harmful radiation can’t pose a risk because it’s blocked by the ice. And the ocean is huge—about twenty times deeper than Earth’s, per Boise State Public Radio.

NASA will also measure the shell’s thickness and see if gaps let seawater plumes burst into space (like on the Saturn ice moon, Enceladus). And because radiation prohibits the spacecraft from orbiting Europa, it will move around the Jupiter system and catch a glimpse of other moons. “Io happens to be right there,” says NASA scientist Christina Richey. “Who doesn’t want to look at the planetary body that looks like a pox-ridden abyss?” For now, NASA is still analyzing the design, finishing the budget, choosing the trajectory, and deciding which launch vehicle will carry Europa Clipper on a three-year or five-to-six-year journey. With any luck, it will send back revealing images: “Europa we don’t really get—there are these really key mysteries we’re trying to understand,” says Pappalardo. (Astronomers discovered a “super-Earth” six light years away.)

How about the search of life?

Thomas Zurbuchen, the associate administrator for NASA’s Science Mission directorate, says it’s likely that there’s life beyond Earth.

“Is there life beyond Earth? I think the answer is yes — but we just don’t know,” Zurbuchen said during an interview at Boston University. “The simple reason I think so is because we underestimated nature when we doubted whether water or complex molecules would exist beyond Earth. Each one of those is much easier to achieve than we thought possible.”

https://futurism.com/nasa-et-life/

There is a rehash of the “space news”….more to come….

Thanx everyone for the visits, comments and good thoughts…….much appreciated……

Enjoy your Saturday…..peace out.