Sunday’s Space News

Thanksgiving is done…the leftovers are in the ‘frig…..are you sick of turkey yet?

Let’s begin with 2001….the movie not the year……

Remember it all started with that monolith that appears before the humanoids and they then learn to use bone as a weapon….

Why is that piece of fiction important?

It’s just “about the strangest thing that I’ve come across out there in all my years of flying,” a Utah Department of Public Safety helicopter pilot tells KSL-TV: That thing is a 10- to 12-foot high metal monolith sticking up out of the ground in a “very remote” red rock area in the southeastern part of the state. The helicopter was assisting Utah Division of Wildlife Resource officers in counting bighorn sheep when a biologist spotted the monolith. “He was like, ‘Whoa, whoa, whoa, turn around, turn around!” the pilot says.

“We came across this, in the middle of nowhere, buried deep in the rock. Inquiring minds want to know, what the heck is it? Anyone?” the Department of Public Safety’s Aero Bureau posted on Instagram. The team says the monolith seems to have been planted in the ground, as opposed to having been dropped from above, and that it appears to be manmade; some of them suspect it was installed as some sort of artwork. There’s also, of course, rampant speculation that it was installed by aliens. “It is illegal to install structures or art without authorization on federally managed public lands, no matter what planet you’re from,” the DPS notes in a press release.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/metal-monolith-location-google-earth

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/11/25/mysterious-obelisk-in-us-desert-in-utah-draws-wild-theories

Pence and Trump thumped their chests a few years ago that the US would be back on the Moon by 2024…..not so fast….

In a recent report, NASA admitted that landing the first astronauts on the Moon since the Apollo era in 2024 might be a bit of a stretch, as The Guardian reports.

The report, released by the agency’s inspector general last week, elucidates the budgetary challenges involved in realizing its Artemis program.

NASA would need to request “approximately $28 billion between 2021 and 2025,” according to the analysis, to “realize its lunar ambitions on the expedited timetable.”

https://futurism.com/the-byte/nasa-admits-wont-land-moon-astronauts-2024

All the science nerds are trying to make space travel easier so we can go beyond Earth and rule the galaxy….the newest attempt is with solar……

Scientists at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory are testing whether they could harness the heat of the Sun to propel a spacecraft to the far reaches of the solar system, Wired reports — and maybe beyond it, to the interstellar wastes.

According to the team working on the technology, solar propulsion is no longer a distant dream. The university’s “solar simulator,” a converted shipping container lined with thousands of LEDs, may have just proved that it’s not as far-fetched as it sounds.

“What this is showing is that solar thermal propulsion is not just a fantasy,” materials scientist at the Applied Physics Laboratory Jason Benjoski told Wired.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/nasa-tests-experimental-interstellar-propulsion-system

Since its announcement I have been writing about our newest military service…..Space Force.

I point out that this is just another way for the weapons industry to keep their profits rolling in hand over fist…..and now the Progressives are calling on Biden to do the wise thing…..

According to a memo first obtained by Politico, progressive groups are planning to pressure president-elect Joe Biden’s transition team into slashing military budgets — with one specific aim being to eliminate the US Space Force.

The memo calls out the Space Force as an “unnecessary bureaucracy that costs $16 billion in 2021” and militarizes space, as quoted by SpaceNews, which obtained the memo as well.

The $16 billion referred to by the memo technically came out of the budget of the Air Force and was requested for the 2021 fiscal year back in February. It’s also dwarfed by the Pentagon’s overall $740 billion budget.

https://futurism.com/progressive-groups-elimination-space-force

Nothing about the Space Force strikes me as self-defense….more like an invasion and occupation force of the future…..I guess one planet is not enough…..we feel that space is our last frontier (where have I heard that?)

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Sunday Space Stuff

That time of the weekend again….the time when I focus attention on the space race…..a race to rape the universe.

China is about to re-make history….and bring Moon rocks back to Earth….

China is continuing to flex its space muscles. On Tuesday, it rolled a rocket into place that is scheduled to lift off for an ambitious mission to the moon early next week, reports the AP. The Long March-5 will carry the Chang’e 5, whose mission is to fetch rocks and other material from the moon—the first time humans will have done so in more than 40 years, per Nature. The mission calls for Chang’e 5’s moon lander component to dig about 7 feet down from the surface and bring up what it finds. It’s a complement to a 2019 mission in which China became the first nation to land a rover on the far side of the moon.

“To take it to the next level to return samples from the moon is a significant technological capability,” says planetary geologist Carolyn van der Bogert of the University of Münster, Germany. China also has a mission to Mars currently underway. Analysis of the soon-to-be-retrieved moon rocks could answer questions about the moon’s evolution and perhaps shed light on planets as well, per Nature. As for the earlier moon mission, China’s rover continues to send back photos, and Space.com has the latest ones

WE must be ready for “orbital warfare”…..so claims the leadership wants the world to believe……

Chief of Space Operations Gen. Jay Raymond’s new guidance document strikes a distinctly martial tone, focusing future investment on “orbital warfare” capabilities out to the Moon and beyond.

The guidance — which covers all aspects of Space Force development from command structure to new acquisition practices based on digital engineering, to “force design” and to training — is aimed at rapidly building the new service’s capability to handle the “shift from space as a benign domain to a warfighting domain,” Raymond told reporters today.

The guidance “aligns our priorities, activities and goals,” he said. “It’s a roadmap for the future, to compete and deter and win as outlined in the National Defense Strategy.”

https://breakingdefense.com/2020/11/gen-raymond-targets-combat-ready-space-force/

Most people know that we now have another branch of military service…The Space Force…..and within this branch will be Space Marines…..

As if 2020 hasn’t brought us enough surprises, U.S. Space Command announced on Friday that the U.S. military can now count Space Marines among its ranks … or something along those lines.

According to a press release, the Marine Corps Commandant Gen. David Berger ordered the activation of the Marine Corps Forces Space Command at Offutt Air Force Base, Neb., effective Oct. 1, 2020.

The new command “will focus on providing space operational support to the Fleet Marine Force,” the press release said. It will be led by Marine Corps Maj. Gen. Matthew G. Glavy.

https://taskandpurpose.com/news/marine-corps-forces-space-command-space-marines

I often say the our new Space Force sounds more like an invasion and occupation force than a self-defense force…..

If you are interested to see where your grandchildren will be fighting those endless wars then this article may help……https://thediplomat.com/2020/11/how-the-us-space-force-doctrine-paves-the-way-for-future-warfighting/

The endless wars in the future…..not much will change….just the location.

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Closing Thought–19Nov20

What does the richest man in the world do with some of his cash?

Why he gives it away….you know kinda like Gates and Buffet…..with no other motive than the kindness in his heart……Hahahahaha!  Sorry I could not continue without laughing.

What am I going on about?

The world’s richest man is a teensy bit less rich. Amazon founder Jeff Bezos is donating $791 million, via grants to 16 groups that are working to combat climate change. “I’ve spent the past several months learning from a group of incredibly smart people who’ve made it their life’s work to fight climate change and its impact on communities around the world,” the billionaire wrote on Instagram. “I’m inspired by what they’re doing, and excited to help them scale. Today, I’m pleased to announce the first Bezos Earth Fund recipients—16 organizations working on innovative, ambitious, and needle-moving solutions.” He says he’s committing even more, a total of $10 billion, “to fund scientists, activists, NGOs, and others. We can all protect Earth’s future by taking bold action now.”

Bezos is just following in the foot steps of Bill Gates and wife and Warren Buffet….all are giving up their mass fortunes to help society.

Okay I admit it…I am a doubting Thomas….no one that damn rich gives cash way without something in return.

Nope I am not buying the philanthropy for the sake of philanthropy slant to this story.

What will he get for all this “effort”?

My guess is massive tax savings….

Any thoughts?

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Space

Now that we have a president-elect I will return to my usual FYI postings on the weekends….you may thank me later…..

Let’s start with space stuff!

The new interest in space especially by some of those wealthy dudes that see space as the next frontier they can exploit has more and more news …..and as an opinionated SOB good fodder for IST posts.

The planet that cannot exist!

As Earth telescopes scan the stars for planets that may support life, they also find plenty of things that leave astronomers scratching their heads. Researchers say a planet they call a “hot Neptune” falls right into the head-scratching category. Not only does this scolding hot world travel around its sun in less than a day, it has an atmosphere that “shouldn’t exist.”

University of Kansas astronomer Ian Crossfield says new data from NASA’s TESS and Spitzer space telescopes is providing the first look at an exoplanet’s atmosphere the satellites captured. Planet LTT 9779b, which sits about 260 light-years from Earth and is so close to its home star it doesn’t have ground for a probe to land on.

https://www.studyfinds.org/astronomers-find-hot-neptune-with-atmosphere-that-shouldnt-exist/

Not to worry for water has been found on the Moon….

The moon is littered with patches of hidden water, NASA researchers have discovered.

That’s great news for the agency’s plans to send astronauts back to the moon, set up a permanent base there, and eventually use it as a stopping point on the way to Mars.

Those ambitions hinge on the ability to mine water ice on the moon and break it down into oxygen and hydrogen to make rocket fuel. Since it’s extremely expensive and difficult to launch enough fuel off Earth to get astronauts to Mars, water on the moon is likely to play a critical role in kick-starting a new era of human deep-space exploration.

https://www.businessinsider.com/nasa-scientists-discover-moons-hidden-water-stores-2020-10

Is someone or thing watching us?

New research suggests if life exists in space, then aliens on 1004 neighbouring stars could be watching us from afar.
Astronomers in the US have issued a paper theorising some exoplanets, which are planets orbiting stars outside our solar system, may have a direct line of sight to observe chemical reactions in the Earth’s atmosphere.
“If observers were out there searching, they would be able to see signs of a biosphere in the atmosphere of our Pale Blue Dot,” Lisa Kaltenegger, a Cornell University astronomer and lead author of the paper, said in a statement.
Over the last decade, astronomers have discovered 4292 exoplanets orbiting 3185 stars by maintaining a close eye on a host star and waiting for it to dim.
The dimming suggests a planet has passed through the space between the telescope and the star.
By analysing the way the light dims, the chemical contents of the planet’s atmosphere can be deciphered and life may be detected based on those chemicals reactions
 
NASA has landed on an asteroid and is taking samples to return to Earth for analysis…….but there is a slight problem….it sucked up too much sample….
A NASA spacecraft is stuffed with so much asteroid rubble from this week’s grab that it’s jammed open and precious particles are drifting away in space, scientists said Friday. Scientists announced the news three days after the spacecraft named Osiris-Rex briefly touched asteroid Bennu, NASA’s first attempt at such a mission, the AP reports. The mission’s lead scientist, Dante Lauretta of the University of Arizona, said Tuesday’s operation 200 million miles away collected far more material than expected for return to Earth—in the hundreds of grams. The sample container on the end of the robot arm penetrated so deeply into the asteroid and with such force, however, that rocks got sucked in and became wedged around the rim of the lid.
 
Scientists estimate the sampler pressed as much as 19 inches into the rough, crumbly, black terrain. “We’re almost a victim of our own success here,” Lauretta said at a hastily arranged news conference. Lauretta said there is nothing flight controllers can do to clear the obstructions and prevent more bits of Bennu from escaping, other than to get the samples into their return capsule as soon as possible. So, the flight team was scrambling to put the sample container into the capsule as early as Tuesday—much sooner than originally planned—for the long trip home. “Time is of the essence,” said Thomas Zurbuchen, chief of NASA’s science missions. The samples won’t make it back until 2023, seven years after the spacecraft rocketed away from Cape Canaveral.
We Americans seem to do everything in excess and I guess space samples are no different.
 
NASA and the Europeans have finalized a deal for an orbital Lunar station…..

NASA announced that it’s formally partnered with the European Space Agency (ESA) to develop the Gateway, the space station it plans to launch into orbit around the Moon.

Moving forward, the Gateway station — which is meant to allow long-term lunar exploration by serving as a middle ground between space and the lunar surface — will be an international venture, according to a NASA press release. And after helping establish a human presence on and around the Moon, tantalizingly, the joint project could help both NASA and the ESA eventually reach Mars.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/nasa-europe-officially-sign-deal-build-orbital-moon-base

Did you ever wonder why there are so many determined to go to space (corporations that is)?

One meteor could be worth $10,000 quadrillion….you read that right that right…..quadrillion.

Somewhere between Mars and Jupiter is a potato-shaped space rock possibly worth way more than the entire economy of Earth. Italian astronomer Annibale de Gasparis discovered the Massachusetts-sized asteroid known as 16 Psyche lurking in the main asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter in 1852, per Fox News. New observations courtesy of the Hubble Space Telescope suggest that unlike most other asteroids, which are made of rock or ice, this 140-mile-wide asteroid is made almost entirely of metal—specifically, iron and nickel—and worth an estimated $10,000 quadrillion. You need 19 zeros to write that number out in full. More important to scientists, however, are the possible clues to the origin of the universe that may lay hidden in its folds, some 230 million miles from Earth.

It’s thought that the asteroid is a protoplanet, or an incomplete planet, that could reveal the “building blocks” of the solar system, says Tracy Becker of the Southwest Research Institute, lead author of a study published in the Planetary Science Journal. It’s possible that an early planet as large as Mars “was struck by another object in our solar system and lost its mantle and crust,” leaving only the metal core behind, she adds. “Once we get to Psyche, we’re really going to understand if that’s the case.” NASA plans to launch a spacecraft to the asteroid in August 2022, with arrival scheduled for January 2026. The orbiter, dubbed Psyche, will spend two years investigating the asteroid, per CBS News. A project scientist previously told the outlet that there are no plans to use its material for industry. Indeed, USA Today reports NASA “lacks the technology to mine it.”

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Artemis Accords

What does the US, Australia, Canada, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, UAE and the UK all have in common?

The answer is not the Covid-19 virus. They have all signed the Artemis Accords.

Scratch head and ask…HUH?

Via the Artemis program, NASA will land the first woman and the next man on the Moon by 2024, heralding in a new era for space exploration and utilization.While NASA is leading the Artemis program, international partnerships will play a key role in achieving a sustainable and robust presence on the Moon while preparing to conduct a historic human mission to Mars. With numerous countries and private sector players conducting missions and operations in cislunar space, it’s critical to establish a common set of principles to govern the civil exploration and use of outer space.International space agencies that join NASA in the Artemis program will do so by executing bilateral Artemis Accords agreements, which will describe a shared vision for principles, grounded in the Outer Space Treaty of 1967, to create a safe and transparent environment which facilitates exploration, science, and commercial activities for the benefit of humanity.

Click to access Artemis-Accords_v7_print.pdf

It appears that there is now a code of conduct for any Moon missions.

NASA’s new moonshot rules: No fighting and littering. And no trespassing at historic lunar landmarks like Apollo 11’s Tranquility Base. The space agency released a set of guidelines Tuesday for its Artemis moon-landing program, based on the 1967 Outer Space Treaty and other agreements., the AP reports. So far, eight countries have signed these so-called Artemis Accords. Founding members include the US, Australia, Canada, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, United Arab Emirates, and the United Kingdom. NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine said he expects more countries to join the effort to put astronauts back on the moon by 2024.

It promises to be the largest coalition for a human spaceflight program in history, according to Bridenstine, and is expected to pave the way for eventual Mars expeditions. “It’s important not only to travel to the moon “with our astronauts, but that we bring with us our values,” noted NASA’s acting chief for international and interagency relations, Mike Gold.

Rule No. 1: Everyone must come in peace. Other rules:

  • Secrecy is banned, and all launched objects need to be identified and registered.
  • All members agree to pitch in with astronaut emergencies.
  • Space systems must be universal so everyone’s equipment is compatible, and scientific data must be shared.
  • Historic sites must be preserved, and any resulting space junk must be properly disposed.
  • Rovers and other spacecraft cannot have their missions jeopardized by others getting too close.

Violators could be asked to leave, according to Bridenstine. The coalition can say, “Look, you’re in this program with the rest of us, but you’re not playing by the same rules,” Bridenstine said.

NASA Proposes the Artemis Accords. The New Rules for Lunar Exploration

A “Code of Conduct” is a fine idea….but what about the nations that have not signed on to the Artemis Accords?

Nations like India, China, Russia, South Korea……have not signed on so how do we control the conduct of these nations?

Since these “Accords” are supposedly based on the treaty from 1967……read and learn…..

Click to access STSPACE11E.pdf

More treaties to be watched…

If it appears as if I find these Accords lacking….then I am doing a good job….and I am not alone in thinking this Accord thing is unimpressive…..

On 13 October 2020 the directors of NASA and seven other national space agencies signed the Artemis Accords, a document purporting to articulate international norms for the development of the Moon, Mars and other celestial objects of economic interest in the near future. International public opinion ignored the announcement and international elite opinion was underwhelmed. Yet, there are good reasons why so few outside the orbit of space policy experts took notice and many of those who did were unimpressed.

Opinion – The Unimpressive Nature of the Artemis Accords

This is going to be interesting to watch (well interesting to me)…..some say I am spinning my blogging wheels with this issue….but to me it will be the next horizon for international relations……so I watch and write.

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Nukes On The Moon

A familiar scenario?  Back in 1975 TV was graced with a new scifi show, Space 1999, and its story line went something like this….

The premise of Space: 1999 centers on the plight of the inhabitants of Moonbase Alpha, a scientific research center on the Moon. Humanity had been storing its nuclear waste in vast disposal sites on the far side of the Moon, but when an unknown form of magnetic radiation is detected, the accumulated waste reaches critical mass and causes a massive thermonuclear explosion on 13 September 1999. The force of the blast propels the Moon like an enormous booster rocket, hurling it out of Earth orbit and into deep space at colossal speed, thus stranding the 311 personnel stationed on Alpha

I know what does this have to do with this particular post?

You guys know me I like to give some background before I leap into the post……and there you have it.

There seems to be a problem with nuclear waste here on planet Earth…..and the Moon looks like a good place to store the excess…..as soon as we set up our station…..our Lunar Base…….

Not content to desecrate our terrestrial landscape with hundreds of thousands of tons of nuclear waste — much piled up with nowhere to go, the rest released to contaminate our air, water and soil — humankind, in all its folly, now plans to do the same to the Moon. And, eventually to Mars.

NASA, the US Department of Energy and assorted nuclear labs are pushing the small modular reactor for nuclear projects on the Moon and Mars. Desperate to stay relevant and to continue gobbling up taxpayer dollars, this is music to the failing nuclear industry’s ears. Financially disastrous and technically unresolved on Earth, the SMR, say these “experts”, is ideally suited to the needs of humans living for extensive periods in space.

Needless to say, so far there is no certified design, no test reactor, no actual reactor, and no fool-proof way to send such a reactor to the Moon. (Rockets have an unfortunate habit of sometimes blowing up on — or shortly after — launch.) Nevertheless, the year 2026 is the ambitious target date for all systems go. In keeping with the theme, “pie in the sky” springs to mind.

Nukes on the Moon?

Can you see why this story made me think of a TV show?

I have been asked why I find the Space stuff so compelling…..easy answer….we have fucked up this planet and we are making plans to do the same to others in our spacial neighborhood.

For those interested…..I believe that this story violates Article IV of the Outer Space Treaty…

Article IV
States Parties to the Treaty undertake not to place in orbit around the earth any objects carrying nuclear weapons or any other kinds of weapons of mass destruction, install such weapons on celestial bodies, or station such weapons in outer space in any other manner.
The moon and other celestial bodies shall be used by all States Parties to the Treaty exclusively for peaceful purposes. The establishment of military bases, installations and fortifications, the testing of any type of weapons and the conduct of military manoeuvres on celestial bodies shall be forbidden. The use of military personnel for scientific research or for any other peaceful purposes shall not be prohibited. The use of any equipment or facility necessary for peaceful exploration of the moon and other celestial bodies shall also not be prohibited

https://history.nasa.gov/printFriendly/1967treaty.html

Granted the Article is talking about nuke weapons….but I suggest that waste is a weapon and weaponized fairly easy and quickly.

Commercializing space will do more damage than good (my opinion)…..greed will replace scientific curiosity….and look where greed has brought this world to and do we truly want it happening again?  And again?

For further reading:

https://lobotero.com/2020/09/02/legal-black-holes-of-outer-space/

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Walk Around In A Fog

Sunday and I am still working with massive drafts I was holding for a later date…..and that date is now…..

I am sure we all have heard the comment about someone that may seem that they are not all there (whatever that means)……but could there actually be something under the comment?

So how does consciousness actually work?

A team of scientists thinks they’ve finally arrived at a model of how consciousness works in the human mind — and in doing so, may have settled a 1,500-year-old debate.

The big issue is whether consciousness is continuous or discrete: Basically, scientists and philosophers have long argued over whether we’re conscious all the time or only during concise moments. In an opinion piece published Thursday in the journal Trends in Cognitive Sciences, the scientists say it’s a little bit of both — and their verdict could free scientists of various disciplines up to do their work without butting heads.

The scientists, all psychophysicists at Switzerland’s Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), said that there’s a two-step process going on. While our brains are continuously processing information behind the scenes in more of an “unconscious” manner, we’re only actively conscious of that information during discrete moments.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/psychophysicists-brain-conscious

Now you know that you are not as aware as you think you are…..and this explains the lack of clarity and the complete breakdown of information.

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Space 2020

Not to be confused with a 70s TV series, Space 1999.

I have been watching the doings in space these days….since we have a new force for our interventionist policies, the Space Force……we need to keep an eye on the policies and situations that will effect this nation in the future both near future and the extended one.

We are entering and by we I mean humans a new area when we will be competing with other nations for the dominance of space.

The reasons for urgency are clear. Through intense study of our potential enemies, validated during multiple war-gaming exercises, we know that space is critical should our nation be plunged into conflict. Current Russian and Chinese military doctrine prioritizes new capabilities to attack our space systems in order to disrupt, blind and disconnect our joint land, sea, air and cyber forces at the outset of war. In recent years, both countries have developed and demonstrated anti-satellite capabilities, even destroying their own to send a clear signal to the world.

Our war-gaming scenarios have taught us something else: Because there are few places to hide in space, there is a significant “first mover” advantage in the event of conflict. This problem is made worse, as our current space systems were designed for a benign domain. This is why we are pursuing a resilient architecture of capabilities designed to exact military space power should war initiate in, or extend to, space.

https://www.defensenews.com/opinion/commentary/2020/09/14/space-dominance-requires-taking-technology-and-policy-risks/

It is expensive getting to space…..but there are some plans to cut the costs…..

The hardest thing about space is getting there. A 2016 estimate, using the SpaceX Dragon capsule on a Falcon 9 rocket, put the cost at $9,100 per pound. So the Pentagon is looking at ways to reduce the bill, including putting 3D printers into orbit to repair smaller satellites or even beef up their capabilities, the vice commander of the Space Force said in a recent interview.

That future might be built by companies like Redwire, which in June acquired Made in Space, which put a 3D printer aboard the International Space Station in 2014.

You might think that 3D printing on a space station is as easy as it is on Earth. But don’t underestimate the role that gravity plays. “There’s an entire engineering within an engineering process that has to take place,” said Austin Jordan, a communications manager at Redwire. “There are a lot of environmental factors and a lot of gravity factors that make it completely different.” 

https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2020/10/space-force-eyes-orbiting-3d-printers-satellite-tow-trucks/169084/

Once we get there and can begin our exploitation the Moon will be first on the list….

 

The discussion about mining the Moon resembles that of previous conquests: the division of territory; the grabbing of resources; language of theft and plunder.  All of this is given the gloss of manifest destiny and human experiment. Such language is also self-perpetuating: the plunderer is only as good as the amount taken; success is dependent on constant replenishment and expansion.

A presentation from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory sports the message that would sit comfortably with any empire builder in history.  “Across history, human development has relied upon the finite resources of the Earth.”  An unfortunate state of affairs, but never fear: “the moon – a seemingly barren rock – may actually be a treasure trove of rare resources vital to Earth’s future.  And now, nations are looking upwards to a potential lunar gold rush.”

Lunar Lunacy: Competition, Conflict and Mining the Moon

Before any of the invasions and occupations and exploitation can begin….we must understand the geopolitics of outer space.

Outer space is developing as the next domain of Geopolitics in this century. Space exploration, which began after the 1950s initially benefitted the scientific world. Later the increased dependence on outer space by the space-faring nations, for surveillance, reconnaissance, and telecommunication purposes in one way or another increased the nation’s pride. Soon, the outer space created an impact in the field of geopolitics. With the increasing impact of outer space in geopolitics and the many theories that have been put forward by scholars like Everett Dolman and David Deudney, outer space is today considered as the next critical domain. Many International Relations theories have been explaining this developing domain of geopolitics with varying perspectives. In this point, the fact that when one considers the geopolitics of outer space, it is very evident that events in the domain can be well explained in a neo-realist perspective, where the countries are competing for power, rather than the neo-liberal perspective, where the cooperation between the countries is given more emphasis. Since outer space is considered as an evolving and dynamic domain the relevance of the neo-realism and neoliberalism debate gathers much importance. Space is an entity that can be a source of a multitude of possible interpretations that are ambiguous or incompatible, and these differing interpretations led to the development of different political interpretations.  It has been argued by scholars that no genuine “debate” as such has been done in the domain, related to the theories of International Relations, except neo-realism and neo-liberalism debate; nevertheless, the idea of clearly distinct theories is analytically useful in allowing comparison of different perspectives and relating them to different policy implications.

The Neo-Neo Debate in Understanding the Geopolitics of Outer Space

I have been concerned with the uses of space…all those proposed uses seem to violate a treaty that the US and most other countries signed years ago….and as usual I had my thoughts put down on IST and Gulf South Free Press….

https://lobotero.com/2019/07/16/space-law-part-2/

https://gulfsouthfreepress.wordpress.com/2020/04/10/space-mining/

A lot of info to digest and I realize that some people have an allergic reaction if reading is required…..so I try to help them by including some short videos to help them grasp the concepts I have written.

Space–The Next Region For Conflict.

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More Space Stuff

My weekend begins with cooler temps and a weary mind from all the manure being spread in the media.

For something different I will will try to educate rather than obfuscate……

I may well be the only blogger that spends more time reading news than on social media body shaming some dickweed in LA……plus I do not see the need for blogs about fashion or make-up……such a self-absorbed society we have become.

Any way I have been watching the news about space and its exploration…..plus trying to get people to realize the plans that some are making are a violation of a treaty signed years ago….and may be illegal.

The newest news…….start with China…..they will be firing up an asteroid mining bot soon……

Beijing-based private space mining company Origin Space is launching its first ever “space mining robot” in November, IEEE Spectrum reports, on top of a Long March series rocket.

The concept of excavating resources in space is highly controversial. Many scientists have called for the solar system to be protected from such practices — but that hasn’t stopped global superpowers, particularly the US and China, from investigating ways to do so.

It may become a milestone moment in the country’s efforts to make use of space resources — but the robot, dubbed NEO-1, won’t be mining any asteroids itself.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/chinese-startup-space-mining-robot

While Japan is focusing on the moons of Mars and the possibility that human will soon land out there…..

Japan’s Martian Moons eXploration (MMX) mission aims to probe and observe Mars’ two moons, Phobos and Deimos, collect surface material, and return them to Earth.

MMX is scheduled to launch in 2024 and bring back rocks and other samples, possibly from Phobos, the larger of the two moons, five years later in 2029.

That puts Japan and its space agency JAXA in direct competition with the USA and Europe. The European Space Agency (ESA) and America’s NASA are working on a joint mission to bring back samples from the planet, but that may be two years later in 2031.

Those samples would be collected by NASA’s Perseverance rover, which is on its way there now. The rover will store samples in a process called “sample caching,” and wait until they can be retrieved later. Those would be the first samples returned from Mars.

https://www.dw.com/en/japans-mars-moons-mission-leads-to-human-spaceflight/a-54961901

A few visual aids for those that break out in a rash if they must read…..

There is a treaty already in place……

The rush to Mars reminds me of the 15th century rush to claim the New World and its treasures….but who actually owns what?

This situation will get uglier as the decades go by….and I do not think that it will end well for anyone.

But speaking of Mars.  How will the visitors build their shelters once they arrive?

Of course there is an answer….insect polymer.

A team of researchers are suggesting we could use one of the most common organic polymers on Earth to construct shelters on Mars.

The material, called chitin, is produced and metabolized by most biological organisms and makes up the bulk of the cell walls in fungi, insect exoskeletons, and fish scales.

The team, led by Javier Fernandez from the Singapore University of Technology and Design, attempted to make the material by combining a fiber made from chitin with mineral material that mimic the Martian soil.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/scientists-new-technique-build-mars-shelters

Now you know stuff you care nothing about….peace out.

Learn Stuff!

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

Venus Calling

NASA has spent a lifetime trying to find life on Mars and then Venus made the news more so than Mars….

Researchers have discovered significant sources of phosphine in the atmosphere of Venus — a colorless and odorless gas that they say is a possible sign of life, as it’s often the result of organic matter breaking down here on Earth.

The research was led by Jane Greaves from Cardiff University in the UK, and was published in Nature Astronomy today.

So far, Venus hasn’t topped the list of planets seen by astrobiologists as most likely to harbor life. Its surface is a swirling mix of toxic and extremely hot vapors, and temperatures can reach a toasty 800 degrees Fahrenheit (426 Celsius), while high concentrations of sulfuric acid raining from the skies — with thick clouds blocking most sunlight from ever reaching the surface — would ensure that life as we know it would stand little chance of surviving there.

But despite the inhospitable environment on the surface, some microbial life may be able to survive in the planet’s atmosphere, the researchers hypothesize.

https://futurism.com/signs-of-life-venus-phosphine

Is it possible that there could actually be some form of life on Venus?  What can we do to verify the findings?

Researchers announced on Monday that they had found evidence of life in the clouds of Venus, drawing massive media attention.

To confirm that life exists in the planet’s atmosphere, however, would require us to actually go there and have a closer look. The last time a spacecraft entered the Venusian atmosphere was the Soviet Union’s Vega 2 in 1985.

But luckily, private New Zealand-based space company Rocket Lab says it’s already working on sending its own Electron rocket, with a 660 pound spacecraft called Photon on board, to the planet as soon as 2023, The New York Times reports.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/life-venus-rocket-lab-mission

All might want to tread lightly….for like the New World of the 15th century….a flag has already been planted on Venus….

Russian space agency chief Dmitry Rogozin called Venus a “Russian planet” on Tuesday at an industry exhibition taking place in Moscow.

The unusual comment followed the recent high-profile discovery of significant sources of phosphine gas in the planet’s atmosphere, a possible sign of life.

“Our country was the first and only one to successfully land on Venus,” Rogozin said, as quoted by The Moscow Times, referring to the country’s successful explorations of Venus in the 60s, 70s and 80s.

Roscosmos piled on, writing that the “enormous gap between the Soviet Union and its competitors in the investigation of Venus contributed to the fact that the United States called Venus a Soviet planet,” in a statement quoted by Euronews.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/head-russian-space-program-venus-russian-planet

Just a reminder of the finer points of “Space Law”…..

Looks like the rush to claim space has begun and will not end well….wars have broken out over who claims what…..that is history.

Rain a cooler weather will be ours for a few days…..some well deserved coolness.

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”