Space 2020

Not to be confused with a 70s TV series, Space 1999.

I have been watching the doings in space these days….since we have a new force for our interventionist policies, the Space Force……we need to keep an eye on the policies and situations that will effect this nation in the future both near future and the extended one.

We are entering and by we I mean humans a new area when we will be competing with other nations for the dominance of space.

The reasons for urgency are clear. Through intense study of our potential enemies, validated during multiple war-gaming exercises, we know that space is critical should our nation be plunged into conflict. Current Russian and Chinese military doctrine prioritizes new capabilities to attack our space systems in order to disrupt, blind and disconnect our joint land, sea, air and cyber forces at the outset of war. In recent years, both countries have developed and demonstrated anti-satellite capabilities, even destroying their own to send a clear signal to the world.

Our war-gaming scenarios have taught us something else: Because there are few places to hide in space, there is a significant “first mover” advantage in the event of conflict. This problem is made worse, as our current space systems were designed for a benign domain. This is why we are pursuing a resilient architecture of capabilities designed to exact military space power should war initiate in, or extend to, space.

https://www.defensenews.com/opinion/commentary/2020/09/14/space-dominance-requires-taking-technology-and-policy-risks/

It is expensive getting to space…..but there are some plans to cut the costs…..

The hardest thing about space is getting there. A 2016 estimate, using the SpaceX Dragon capsule on a Falcon 9 rocket, put the cost at $9,100 per pound. So the Pentagon is looking at ways to reduce the bill, including putting 3D printers into orbit to repair smaller satellites or even beef up their capabilities, the vice commander of the Space Force said in a recent interview.

That future might be built by companies like Redwire, which in June acquired Made in Space, which put a 3D printer aboard the International Space Station in 2014.

You might think that 3D printing on a space station is as easy as it is on Earth. But don’t underestimate the role that gravity plays. “There’s an entire engineering within an engineering process that has to take place,” said Austin Jordan, a communications manager at Redwire. “There are a lot of environmental factors and a lot of gravity factors that make it completely different.” 

https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2020/10/space-force-eyes-orbiting-3d-printers-satellite-tow-trucks/169084/

Once we get there and can begin our exploitation the Moon will be first on the list….

 

The discussion about mining the Moon resembles that of previous conquests: the division of territory; the grabbing of resources; language of theft and plunder.  All of this is given the gloss of manifest destiny and human experiment. Such language is also self-perpetuating: the plunderer is only as good as the amount taken; success is dependent on constant replenishment and expansion.

A presentation from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory sports the message that would sit comfortably with any empire builder in history.  “Across history, human development has relied upon the finite resources of the Earth.”  An unfortunate state of affairs, but never fear: “the moon – a seemingly barren rock – may actually be a treasure trove of rare resources vital to Earth’s future.  And now, nations are looking upwards to a potential lunar gold rush.”

Lunar Lunacy: Competition, Conflict and Mining the Moon

Before any of the invasions and occupations and exploitation can begin….we must understand the geopolitics of outer space.

Outer space is developing as the next domain of Geopolitics in this century. Space exploration, which began after the 1950s initially benefitted the scientific world. Later the increased dependence on outer space by the space-faring nations, for surveillance, reconnaissance, and telecommunication purposes in one way or another increased the nation’s pride. Soon, the outer space created an impact in the field of geopolitics. With the increasing impact of outer space in geopolitics and the many theories that have been put forward by scholars like Everett Dolman and David Deudney, outer space is today considered as the next critical domain. Many International Relations theories have been explaining this developing domain of geopolitics with varying perspectives. In this point, the fact that when one considers the geopolitics of outer space, it is very evident that events in the domain can be well explained in a neo-realist perspective, where the countries are competing for power, rather than the neo-liberal perspective, where the cooperation between the countries is given more emphasis. Since outer space is considered as an evolving and dynamic domain the relevance of the neo-realism and neoliberalism debate gathers much importance. Space is an entity that can be a source of a multitude of possible interpretations that are ambiguous or incompatible, and these differing interpretations led to the development of different political interpretations.  It has been argued by scholars that no genuine “debate” as such has been done in the domain, related to the theories of International Relations, except neo-realism and neo-liberalism debate; nevertheless, the idea of clearly distinct theories is analytically useful in allowing comparison of different perspectives and relating them to different policy implications.

The Neo-Neo Debate in Understanding the Geopolitics of Outer Space

I have been concerned with the uses of space…all those proposed uses seem to violate a treaty that the US and most other countries signed years ago….and as usual I had my thoughts put down on IST and Gulf South Free Press….

https://lobotero.com/2019/07/16/space-law-part-2/

https://gulfsouthfreepress.wordpress.com/2020/04/10/space-mining/

A lot of info to digest and I realize that some people have an allergic reaction if reading is required…..so I try to help them by including some short videos to help them grasp the concepts I have written.

Space–The Next Region For Conflict.

Learn Stuff!

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

Sunday Space News

I may be one of the few bloggers that is keeping an eye on space and the news that comes out……from the Space force to Space Law……

Warp speed….FTL……hyper-drive……all this is suppose to bring us close to light speed…..at least in pop scifi……

There is a news story that announces a new drive that could very well o what fiction tells us…..

80-year-old lung cancer survivor and California State University, Fullerton physics professor emeritus Jim Woodward has an out-of-this-world idea to allow spacecraft to travel to neighboring star systems: tiny crystals that vibrate tens of thousands of times per second when an electric current is applied.

His invention, dubbed  the Mach-effect gravitational assist (MEGA) drive, makes the extraordinary promise of a propulsion system that relies on nothing but a source of electricity — no heavy combustion fuel necessary, as Wired reports in a fascinating new feature.

The idea is to accelerate slowly, but over a very long period of time. According to Woodward, a spacecraft with a MEGA drive could eventually reach velocities approaching the speed of light, with the help of an onboard nuclear reactor to supply decades worth of electric power.

https://futurism.com/nasa-funded-scientist-new-thruster-light-speed

BIG NEWS!

First Space Force soldiers to deploy to Iraq….(think about that)…….

The U.S. Space Force has marked another milestone for the history books: the first official deployment of its troops — and it’s not to the moon.

Twenty airmen assigned to the 16th Expeditionary Space Control Flight and the 609th Air Operations Center at Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar, transferred into the military’s newest branch during enlistment or oath of office ceremonies earlier this month, according to a news release. The airmen are in organic space career fields such as space operations and space systems operations, officials said.

https://www.military.com/daily-news/2020/09/09/first-members-of-space-force-just-deployed-middle-east.html

What I really like is the Space Law stuff….I have written a couple of times in the past….

https://lobotero.com/2019/04/12/space-law/

https://lobotero.com/2019/07/16/space-law-part-2/

An Arctic incident from the past shows that we need to work out if there is a killing in space…..

Mario Escamilla was furious. A colleague of his, nicknamed Porky, had just stolen his jug of raisin wine. So the 33-year-old Escamilla grabbed a rifle and set out to reclaim it. He had no idea he was about to get tangled up in one of the knottiest homicides in history—a killing that also raises serious questions about how humankind should handle the first, inevitable murder in outer space.

Escamilla worked on T-3, also known as Fletcher’s ice island, a Manhattan-size hunk of ice that at the time was floating north of Canada in the Arctic Ocean, roughly 350 miles from the North Pole. T-3 had been occupied off and on since the 1950s, and 19 scientists and technicians were stationed there during the summer of 1970, studying ocean currents and wind and weather patterns.

https://slate.com/technology/2020/07/arctic-t3-murder-space.html

Just a few thoughts that I had after reading articles……

Space–The Final Frontier……to boldly go where no man has gone before…..all the space news that you could not possibly use.

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

News, Not Pandemic News

Weekend again and my FYI attempts are running hot and cold today….I got some pretty cool stuff and one that needs an explanation….

First, there is a debate going on among space geeks that Pluto has a massive ocean under the ice and maybe even life….

According to new research, the frozen dwarf planet Pluto may have started its life as a hot world with a massive underground ocean of liquid water — suggesting, tantalizingly, that it could have harbored life.

Until now, Pluto was widely believed to be a giant boulder of ice, shielded from the Sun’s radiation thanks to the sheer distance from its star. But new evidence, scientists say, suggests that it once had a liquid ocean — and that it may still be there, under its frozen surface.

“Even in this cold environment so far from the Sun, all these worlds might have formed fast and hot, with liquid oceans,” Carver Bierson, UC Santa Cruz graduate student and first author of a new paper about the work published Monday in the journal Nature Geoscience, said in a statement.

https://futurism.com/pluto-start-hot-water-world

That is pretty cool considering that Pluto is billions of miles from the heat source, the Sun……

Remember New Horizons space probe?  Not to worry few will remember it…….

An extremely-distant NASA spacecraft is giving us the ability to look at the universe from a new perspective.

New Horizons is a NASA probe that was launched in the beginning of 2006. Since then, Popular Science reports, it’s traveled 4.2 billion miles from Earth. It’s so far away that when it looks out at the sky, nearby stars appear to be in different places than they do when seen from Earth.

New Horizons captured images of two nearby stars, Proxima Centauri and Wolf 359, in April. Precise instruments measure the position of distant stars relying on slight shifts in perception called parallax, Popular Science reports. But this is the first time that such a shift is visible to the eye.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/nasa-spacecraft-stars-different-angle

One last space thingy…the US Space Force…the service not the series……

The United States “must be capable of winning wars that extend into space,” asserts a just-released “Defense Space Strategy” report. It is the first space strategy document issued by the U.S. since President Donald Trump, after declaring that the U.S. must achieve “dominance in space,” signed a measure this past December authorizing establishment of a Space Force.

The U.S. space strategy is highly aggressive.

“The Department of Defense is embarking on the most significant transformation in the history of the U.S. national security space program,” the report says. “Space is now a distinct warfighting domain, demanding enterprise-wide-changes to polices, strategies, operations, investments, capabilities, and expertise for a new strategic environment.”

Masters of Space: Deep Space Strategy in the Age of Trump

Finally we go to Merry Old England…well in this case Scotland sorry for the error.  Maybe my friends in the UK can shed some light on this hoax?

People think a tourist’s incredible photographs have captured the Loch Ness Monster with some claiming it is ‘the best picture ever’ of all the sightings. 

Steve Challice, from Southampton, photographed a creature from the shore opposite to Urquhart Castle on the banks of the Lock Ness when on holiday in Scotland. 

Steve said he saw a ripple in the water and assumed it was a big fish that he estimated was eight feet long.

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8451857/Tourists-photo-showing-creature-rising-water-sparks-online-claims-Nessy.html

There you have it…nothing you can actually use but maybe a little entertaining…..

I know I said there was no pandemic news….but I just had to share this cartoon…..

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And this one as well….

This one is for the idiot in the White House…..Image

This one is for the idiot in the White House…..

Image

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Be Well…..Be Safe……

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

Saturday’s Space Stuff

Today I return to the days of yore and the subject that few are watching…that topic would be space…..

First the Earth has a new moon…but before I write on that….why do other planets have cool names for their moons and ours is just….. MOON?

The new moon…..

Take a gander at the stars, and you might spot … no, you won’t. It’s way too small. But scientists say Earth likely has another moon—at least for now—that’s no bigger than a car, New Scientist reports. Astronomers at the Catalina Sky Survey in Arizona noticed it crossing the sky on Feb. 15 and posted a tweet with images. The Minor Planet Center followed up with a statement that “this object is temporarily bound to the Earth” and “no link to a known artificial object has been found.” The upshot is that it’s likely an asteroid, about 6 by 11 feet, that was ensared by Earth’s gravity. What’s interesting is how rarely astronomers notice these “minimoons,” considering all the millions of asteroids zipping around our solar system.

Only one was officially observed before now, back in 2006. It orbited Earth for 11 months before breaking free into space, Popular Mechanics recently recalled. Such minimoons also get pulled into Earth’s atmosphere and become meteors, like fireballs that were spotted in Australia in 2016 and Europe in 2014. Seems they might be useful, too: A scientist told Astronomy in November that minimoons are “awesome” because they’re “the most accessible object” we can reach in the solar system. The magazine explained they could be used “for sample return missions, tests of asteroid redirection technologies or resource mining.” As for the latest minimoon, dubbed 2020 CD3, it’s probably bound to our planet for the next three years.

Its big and we should take notice…..or not……your choice.

Originally discovered by the Kepler space telescope, G 9–40b has just been confirmed as an exoplanet by a team of Penn State researchers using the Habitable-zone Planet Finder (HPF) located in Texas.

This world, G 9–40b, is at least twice as large as Earth, and is likely significantly larger — possibly closer to the size of Neptune. It orbits its parent star just 100 light years from Earth once every five days and 17 hours at a distance of 5,760,000 km (5,580,000 miles), roughly 25 times closer than the distance between the Earth and Sun.

https://thenextweb.com/syndication/2020/02/25/extremely-big-and-incredibly-close-meet-the-new-neptune-sized-exoplanet-g-9-40b/

Astronauts and their “human needs”……

As space agencies work to launch crewed missions deeper and deeper into space, they tend to overlook one crucial variable: astronauts are people, meaning they sometimes get horny.

That’s the problem presented in an essay published in The Conversation last week: that NASA and other groups are failing to prepare for crewmembers’ human needs. In other words, astronauts may face undue psychological and mental strain due to space abstinence.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/scientists-astronauts-bone-space

I wrote about that guy that wanted to prove the world is flat by launching himself into space in a home-made rocket…..(that just does not sound like it will end well)…..

And it did not!

For years, a daredevil named Mike “Mad Mike” Hughes has been trumpeting his plan to launch himself in a homemade rocket in order to prove that Earth is flat.

This weekend, Hughes finally launched himself in his homemade rocket — and crashed a minute later, dying in the wreck.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/guy-builds-rocket-earth-flat-crashes-dies

And that sums up the not so important news that you will never use…..besides MoMo has her “walk me” look….

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I shall return when I return…..Peace Out!

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

Space 2019

I close out the year with a reminder that the US now has a separate Space Force…..what does that mean?

I will help everyone understand before it is too late…..

A little background…….https://www.airuniversity.af.edu/Portals/10/ASPJ/journals/Volume-33_Issue-4/F-Townsend.pdf

Now just what will this elite Space Force actually do?

“Space is the world’s newest war-fighting domain,” President Trump said during the signing ceremony. “Amid grave threats to our national security, American superiority in space is absolutely vital. And we’re leading, but we’re not leading by enough. But very shortly we’ll be leading by a lot.”

The idea was widely mocked when it was first floated, providing fodder for late night hosts, newspaper cartoonists and comedy writers. Senior military officials have previously raised concerns about what it will cost, and former Defense Secretary Jim Mattis warned against rushing into creating the force without clearly defined goals.

“This is not a farce. This is nationally critical,” Gen. John Raymond, who will lead the Space Force, told reporters on Friday. “We are elevating space commensurate with its importance to our national security and the security of our allies and partners.”

https://www.npr.org/2019/12/21/790492010/trump-created-the-space-force-heres-what-it-will-do

I have had a problem with this decision from the beginning….for one there is the cost to the taxpayer in a era of tax cuts and increased spending….second then there is the Area Of Operation (AOR)……does anyone realize just how massive that would be?

It is a BAD IDEA!

One of the distinguishing characteristics of space is that it has no natural boundaries and is inherently international. With the exception of satellites in geosynchronous orbit (GEO), all satellites pass over various parts of the Earth’s surface every day. This physical feature of the domain has led to a unique international approach to space missions, as any country’s satellites have free rights of passage over other nations’ territories. Furthermore, the 1967 Outer Space Treaty, which the United States has ratified, states that “outer space shall be free for exploration and use by all States” and that “outer space is not subject to national appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation, or by any other means.” From the outset, the international community realized that unlike the air, sea, and land domains where countries can claim sovereign areas, the space domain is inherently international.

So why did the US military re-establish Space Command as a geographic command if there are no distinct territories or regions in space?

CSIS Bad Idea: Giving Space Command An AOR

Just a few thoughts on our new Space Force to close out the year.

I Read, I Wrote, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

Take Us To Your Leader

It is the weekend again and the old professor is going to write about space again…that one subject that gets very little ink because it is just not that important to the world anymore….but that will change.

But it is to me. My concern is now that corporations are showing an interest in space travel where does that leave the human race?

For anyone that would like to get the news on space and policy……https://spacepolicyonline.com/

We have an Outer Space Treaty of 1968…that sets parameters for the exploration of space by member nations of the UN….however the problem is corporations have not signed on to this and are free to exploit without consequences.

https://lobotero.com/2019/11/17/the-outer-space-treaty-of-1967/

The exploration is NO longer for the benefit of humanity but rather for the profits corporations can extract.

Time for an updated treaty and laws that ALL will be held up to in the future.

Now we need to talk about the possibility of finding an alien race as we explore the universe……

In the course of human history, perhaps no landmark would ever compare to the discovery of extraterrestrial life. Hell, you’ve been waiting for it your whole life: that amazing moment where little grey dudes land on Earth, wave hello, and ask to be taken to your leader… assuming they don’t vaporize Earth’s cities, first. The mass of people who wanted to storm Area 51 demonstrates just how hungry Earthlings are for intergalactic companions. On the other hand, while meeting an E.T. would be ridiculously cool, it’d also prove that humans truly aren’t the center of the universe. Is Earth ready for that? And, if you ask the experts, how long will it be before first contact finally happens?

https://www.grunge.com/173763/heres-how-long-experts-think-it-will-take-to-find-alien-life/

Next…..just what is the protocol if we have contact with alien life?

Well, there has been a lot of thought about it. “There’s a big debate within the whole community over whether we should respond or not,” says Dr John Elliot, joint coordinator for the UK Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (Seti) Research Network – although he admits that it may not be a choice that any single body gets to make. Seti’s policy, once it is fairly sure that an intercepted signal is an alien message, will be to share it openly to allow people all over the world to try to understand it. Thereafter, it will be hard to stop anyone from answering. “I would have thought that there would be a reply made in some form at some point round the globe by someone with the required equipment,” Elliot says.

This scenario imagines receiving a transmission, but not alien visitors themselves. The chance of that is considered remote, even by those who expect aliens to exist, because even aliens are presumed to work within the laws of physics. In summary: our galaxy is a flattish disc about 100,000 light years across, and our planet is right at a sparse edge of it; only a small proportion of the planets in our galaxy are within, say, 1,000 light years of us. As a result, even a craft from such a nearby planet travelling directly towards us at half of light speed – which may be impossibly fast for a machine with life inside it – would take 2,000 years to get here. Why would it come? And what are the chances of it arriving exactly now?

https://www.theguardian.com/science/shortcuts/2016/oct/30/what-protocol-aliens-make-contact-arrival

Let me add my thought on the possibility…..

You know when you go to the supermarket and some bum is outside soliciting funds and you pretend that you do not hear him?  In simpler terms…you ignore him and keep walking.

Well that is what aliens are doing….they are ignoring us and just continue on their way but not before putting up a space beacon that says “NO Intelligent Life Here”.

That is the space news for a Sunday……

I Read, I Wrote, You Know

“Lego Ergo Scribo”

The Outer Space Treaty of 1967

My FYI Weekend continues……

I have been writing a lot about space and the new proposed Space Force….and in all those posts I have referenced the outer Space Treaty of 1967…..and now it has come time to explain the treaty and its functions.

But this subject means very little to most people….my posts are not what one would call popular…..that aside I keep writing and posting because this whole idea will cost billions and the taxpayer will be on the hook for the total.

Let us start with my writings so far…..

https://lobotero.com/2019/04/12/space-law/

https://lobotero.com/2019/08/01/do-laws-apply-in-space/

https://lobotero.com/2019/07/16/space-law-part-2/

In 1967 a UN Outer Space Treaty was signed into reality….and for the most part it has been a success…..but is it a treaty for the 21st century?

Space exploration is governed by a complex series of international treaties and agreements which have been in place for years. The first and probably most important of them celebrates its 50th anniversary on January 27 – The Outer Space Treaty. This treaty, which was signed in 1967, was agreed through the United Nations, and today it remain as the “constitution” of outer space. It has been signed and made official, or ratified, by 105 countries across the world.

The treaty has worked well so far but challenges have increasingly started to crop up. So will it survive another 50 years?

The Outer Space Treaty, like all international law, is technically binding to those countries who sign up to it. But the obvious lack of “space police” means that it cannot be practically enforced. So a country, individual or company could simply ignore it if they so wished. Implications for not complying could include sanctions, but mainly a lack of legitimacy and respect which is of importance in the international arena.

https://theconversation.com/the-outer-space-treaty-has-been-remarkably-successful-but-is-it-fit-for-the-modern-age-71381

Trump’s new Space Command and the proposal for a Space Force could the US violate a long standing treaty and by doing so start yet another war….this time among the stars…..

By directing the Pentagon to create a special “Space Force” as an independent branch of the US military to ensure the safety of US spacecraft and astronauts, US President Donald Trump has sparked concern that Washington would ignite an arms race in outer space.

Since outer space is the common property of humankind, China has always advocated its peaceful use and objected to its weaponisation. It also opposes attempts to turn outer space into a battlefield, and hopes all countries will make joint efforts to keep outer space peaceful.

The United Nations’ Outer Space Treaty, which came into force on October 10, 1967, stipulates that no country should take possession of outer space (including the moon and other celestial bodies) by means of sovereign claims, use or occupation, or by any other means. It also says signatory states must use outer space for peaceful purposes and should not establish military bases or facilities, or test any type of weapons or conduct military exercises in outer space or on celestial bodies.

https://www.nationthailand.com/opinion/30348429

So many questions about our extension into space and so few answers…the Treaty of 1967 was not the only document that deals with space and the handling of events……the Moon Agreement….

The Moon Agreement was considered and elaborated by the Legal Subcommittee from 1972 to 1979. The Agreement was adopted by the General Assembly in 1979 in resolution 34/68. It was not until June 1984, however, that the fifth country, Austria, ratified the Agreement, allowing it to enter into force in July 1984. The Agreement reaffirms and elaborates on many of the provisions of the Outer Space Treaty as applied to the Moon and other celestial bodies, providing that those bodies should be used exclusively for peaceful purposes, that their environments should not be disrupted, that the United Nations should be informed of the location and purpose of any station established on those bodies. In addition, the Agreement provides that the Moon and its natural resources are the common heritage of mankind and that an international regime should be established to govern the exploitation of such resources when such exploitation is about to become feasible.

http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/en/ourwork/spacelaw/treaties/intromoon-agreement.html

Watch a short video that will help explain the “Treaty”……

I spend a lot of time on this subject for space will become more and more important and someone has to use their training to set up parameters….like when a corporation goes to Mars to mine…..they did not sign the Treaty of 1967…..what stops them from raping the planet of resources?

For those that are interested there is a place to go for all the news on Space Policy…….https://spacepolicyonline.com/

I Read, I Wrote, You Know

“Lego Ergo Scribo”

Up, Up And Away!

Finally!  Some much needed rain and cooler temps…..and those damn squirrels are eating up my satsuma crop…….

The weekend and I would like to talk about space, a subject that I frequently post……..

Soon we will be going to the stars….not in my life time but soon…..but how will we fuel the ship that takes us to the next world we will screw up?

Will we use some sort of FTL (Faster Than Light) propulsion?  Or maybe solar winds?  How about  a nuke powered space craft?  Then there is the old reliable the “wrap drive”……

First will FTL mean time travel as well?

Time-traveling through space might still sound like a common plot in sci-fi movies today but now some scientists actually believe that the theory is very possible in real life. 

According to a report, a wormhole could make space traveling to very distant regions of the universe happen in an instant. This theory discussing how the anomalies of physics could make time traveling real was recently discussed in a scientific paper authored by physicists from Princeton University. 

The study titled “Traversable wormholes in four dimensions,” discussed how physicists Juan Maldacena, Alexey Milekhin and Fedor Popov have “constructed a traversable wormhole solution in four dimensions.” 

https://www.ibtimes.com/time-traveling-possible-scientists-discover-how-move-through-space-seconds-2837116

How close are we to FTL?

New Scientist is reporting that NASA engineer David Burns is making some bold claims about a conceptual new spaceship thruster he calls the “helical engine” — a concept the magazine admits “may violate the laws of physics.”

“The engine itself would be able to get to 99 per cent the speed of light if you had enough time and power,” Burns told New Scientist.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/nasa-thruster-99-speed-light

A page out of a Star Trek script…..wrap drive……

It’s hard living in a relativistic Universe, where even the nearest stars are so far away and the speed of light is absolute. It is little wonder then why science fiction franchises routinely employ FTL (Faster-than-Light) as a plot device.

Push a button, press a petal, and that fancy drive system – whose workings no one can explain – will send us to another location in space-time.

However, in recent years, the scientific community has become understandably excited and skeptical about claims that a particular concept – the Alcubierre Warp Drive – might actually be feasible.

This was the subject of a presentation made at this year’s American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Propulsion and Energy Forum, which took place from August 19th to 22nd in Indianapolis.

https://www.sciencealert.com/how-feasible-is-a-warp-drive-here-s-the-science

How about those solar winds we hear about…..if it can power a satellite then why not a space craft?

LightSail 2, The Planetary Society’s solar sailing spacecraft, has spent more than two months in orbit.

During that time, the bread-box-sized spacecraft deployed a set of silver Mylar sails and began to climb, proving that the small satellite can raise its orbit without a drop of conventional fuel. Propelled solely by the power of the sun, the spacecraft has shown that solar sailing may be a viable means of propulsion. 

With LightSail 2’s primary mission complete, the rest of the spacecraft’s time in orbit — about a year, all told — provides a great chance for folks around the world to glimpse the spacecraft for themselves. According to Bill Nye “The Science Guy” and his team at The Planetary Society, skywatchers around the world can spot the spacecraft as it glides above Earth — if the conditions are just right. 

https://www.space.com/how-to-see-lightsail-2-skywatching.html

That leaves the possibility of using a nuke to power a space craft……

The War Zone has been reporting on a set of bizarre patents assigned to the U.S. Navy that describe radical new technologies that could absolutely revolutionize the aerospace field, and frankly, the very way we live our lives. These include high-energy electromagnetic fields used to create force fields and outlandish new methods of aerospace propulsion and vehicle design that basically read as UFO-like technology. You can learn all about these patents, their viability, and the issues surrounding them in these exclusive features of ours. Now, the same mysterious Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division engineer behind those patents has produced another patent—one for a compact fusion reactor that could pump out absolutely incredible amounts of power in a small space—maybe even in a craft. 

https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/30256/scientist-behind-the-navys-ufo-patents-has-now-filed-one-for-a-compact-fusion-reactor

How will we get from Earth to some a waiting craft?

How about an elevator?

A growing number of scientists and space-technology enthusiasts are looking into ways to construct a huge elevator, either on Earth or the moon, that could transport cargo to and from space.

In a study published in September, which has not been peer-reviewed, two graduate students proposed a version of a space elevator that would stretch from the moon to Earth’s satellite-level orbit. They said the structure could be built with current technology.

https://www.businessinsider.com/space-elevator-on-earth-moon-2019-9

We left out “worm holes” and “Ion Drives”……

But now you have an idea/s of how this will work……

I Read, I Wrote, You Know

“Lego Ergo Scribo”

Space Sunday

It is that time again…..time for me to bring my readers up to date on the happenings in space and our soon to be active, Space Force.

Most people could care less but I grew up with Buck Rogers, Rocky Jackson, Flash Gordon, etc……so I like space stuff and after all it is my blog so guess what?  Space News!

Lots of stuff to report…..us space nerds are on the job……

Lots of talk about settlers for the Moon……

It’s the year 3000. Having used up all of Earth’s natural resources, humans have become a spacefaring race and established colonies on the moon. Vast, sealed domes cluster across its surface, housing cities populated by hundreds of thousands of people. This cold, gray rock has somehow become humanity’s new home.

Of course, this is pure science fiction. But no vision of the future is complete without an extraterrestrial colony of humans, and since the moon is the closest celestial body to our planet, it’s the easiest to imagine as our futuristic home.

But does this vision align with reality? Will the moon one day be a hot property, and if so, how many people could its unwelcoming landscape realistically support?

https://www.livescience.com/how-many-humans-could-live-moon.html

Then those settlers will reach out to Mars……where will they call home?

The smaller of Mars’ two moons, Deimos, was named after the Greek god of terror — but the way former NASA flight surgeon Jim Logan sees it, Deimos could be a comfort zone for space settlers.

“The Mars-facing side of Deimos is probably the most valuable real estate in the solar system,” Logan, co-founder of the Space Enterprise Institute, said today at Seattle’s Museum of Flight.

Logan laid out his case for Deimos during a conference on space settlement, presented this week by the Space Studies Institute to highlight the late Princeton physicist Gerard O’Neill’s vision for humanity’s expansion into the solar system.

https://www.geekwire.com/2019/safest-bet-space-settlers-believe-inside-mars-moon-deimos/

Will we ever find life on Mars?

Nasa is close to finding life on Mars but the world is not ready for the “revolutionary” implications of the discovery, the space agency’s chief scientist has said.

Dr Jim Green has warned that two rovers from Nasa and the European Space Agency (ESA) could find evidence of life within months of arriving on Mars in March 2021.

The ExoMars Rover, which has been dubbed “Rosalind” in memory of British chemist Rosalind Franklin, will search for extra-terrestrial life by drilling 6.5 feet down into Mars’ core to take samples.

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/nasa-mars-life-discovery-space-exomars-rover-chief-scientist-jim-green-a9125076.html

Stay on the topic of Mars……what if “life” is found by the rovers now crawling their way across the planet?

Chief scientist at NASA Jim Green believes we’re just years away from finding life on Mars — thanks to the agency’s Mars rover and the European Space Agency’s ExoMars Rover, both scheduled to launch in 2020.

If the missions find life, Green is terrified of the implications.

“It will start a whole new line of thinking,” he told The Telegraph. “I don’t think we’re prepared for the results. I’ve been worried about that because I think we’re close to finding it and making some announcements.”

https://futurism.com/the-byte/nasa-scientist-find-life-mars

What about the other neighbor that we do not talk about much….Venus?

It seems that Venus once had a stable environment for awhile…

Venus likely maintained stable temperatures and hosted liquid water for billions of years before an event triggered drastic changes in the planet, according to a new study.

Now, Venus is a mostly dead planet with a toxic atmosphere 90 times thicker than ours and surface temperatures that reach 864 degrees, hot enough to melt lead. It’s often called Earth’s twin because the planets are similar in size. But the modern comparisons stop there.
However, a recent study compared five climate simulations of Venus’ past and every scenario suggested that the planet could support liquid water and a temperate climate on its surface for at least three billion years. Like the other planets in our solar system, Venus formed 4.5 billion years ago.
 
Life and water on Saturn’s moon, Enceladus…….

Scientists just found the most basic ingredients for life bursting from an ocean on Saturn’s moon Enceladus.

A new analysis of NASA data reveals the presence of organic compounds in the plumes of liquid water that shoot into space from the ocean below Enceladus’s icy crust.

These compounds, which carry nitrogen and oxygen, play a key role in producing amino acids ⁠- complex molecules that serve as the building blocks of proteins. Without proteins, life as we know it on Earth couldn’t exist.

Scientists have long suspected that the ocean below Enceladus’s surface could harbour the ingredients for life. Researchers had detected other organic molecules coming from the icy moon before, but this is the first time anyone has detected them dissolved in the water.

That’s critical, since it means the compounds could undergo deep-sea chemical reactions that produce amino acids.

My Sunday Space Report……

I Read, I Wrote and now You Know!

“Lego Ergo Scribo”

Sunday In Space

One of my interests beyond foreign policy is our research into space and space travel. I try to give my readers an up to date look at our progress to get beyond our little blue marble.

This first bit is for my friend Pete of https://beetleypete.com/…..what would happen if aliens showed up in the UK?

If aliens were to be discovered, however, it’s not clear what we would like to happen next. A new survey in the UK carried out by researchers from the University of Oxford sought to find out what the British public would like to happen in the event E.T. did get in touch. In what came close to the cursed 48-52 percent split that has haunted British politics for the past three years, they found that just over half (53.6 percent) of people would want us to respond to communication from aliens. 

https://www.iflscience.com/space/if-aliens-got-in-contact-this-is-how-the-british-public-would-like-earth-to-respond/amp.html

Staying with the alien contact thingy…..

The study, published last month in The Astronomical Journal, posits that intelligent extraterrestrial life could be taking its time to explore the galaxy, harnessing star systems’ movement to make star-hopping easier.

The work is a new response to a question known as the Fermi Paradox, which asks why we haven’t detected signs of extraterrestrial intelligence.

The paradox was first posed by physicist Enrico Fermi, who famously asked: “Where is everybody?”

Fermi was questioning the feasibility of travel between stars, but since then, his query has come to represent doubts about the very existence of extraterrestrials.

https://www.sciencealert.com/aliens-may-have-explored-the-galaxy-and-visited-earth-already-new-study-says

We have seen a thousand movies that have some sort of space travel as the subject….but is it really possible?

Interstellar space travel. Fantasy of every five-year-old kid within us. Staple of science fiction serials. Boldly going where nobody has gone before in a really fantastic way. As we grow ever more advanced with our rockets and space probes, the question arises: could we ever hope to colonize the stars? Or, barring that far-flung dream, can we at least send space probes to alien planets, letting them tell us what they see?

The truth is that interstellar travel and exploration is technically possible. There’s no law of physics that outright forbids it. But that doesn’t necessarily make it easy, and it certainly doesn’t mean we’ll achieve it in our lifetimes, let alone this century. Interstellar space travel is a real pain in the neck. 

https://www.space.com/is-interstellar-travel-possible.html

If we venture out among the stars then we will have to live in off planet outposts among the stars……how will we deal with that?

Fifty years ago, a Princeton physicist named Gerard O’Neill asked his students to help him come up with a plan for setting up settlements in space.

Just a few years later, O’Neill published the resulting vision for freestanding space colonies as a book titled “The High Frontier” — a book that helped inspire Amazon billionaire Jeff Bezos’ vision of having millions of people living and working in space.

Now the keepers of the “High Frontier” flame at the California-based Space Studies Institute are revisiting O’Neill’s original vision, with an eye toward updating it for the 21st century.

“The fact is, a lot has changed in the last half-century,” Edward Wright, a senior researcher at the Space Studies Institute, said today at the start of a two-day conference presented by the institute at Seattle’s Museum of Flight.

https://www.geekwire.com/2019/50-years-space-settlement-experts-update-vision-off-planet-outposts/

That sums up the news I have for now……

Now for the important stuff…..daylight and someone is ready for that venture out of the house…

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While we are out try some music from Prince……