Space 2020

Not to be confused with a 70s TV series, Space 1999.

I have been watching the doings in space these days….since we have a new force for our interventionist policies, the Space Force……we need to keep an eye on the policies and situations that will effect this nation in the future both near future and the extended one.

We are entering and by we I mean humans a new area when we will be competing with other nations for the dominance of space.

The reasons for urgency are clear. Through intense study of our potential enemies, validated during multiple war-gaming exercises, we know that space is critical should our nation be plunged into conflict. Current Russian and Chinese military doctrine prioritizes new capabilities to attack our space systems in order to disrupt, blind and disconnect our joint land, sea, air and cyber forces at the outset of war. In recent years, both countries have developed and demonstrated anti-satellite capabilities, even destroying their own to send a clear signal to the world.

Our war-gaming scenarios have taught us something else: Because there are few places to hide in space, there is a significant “first mover” advantage in the event of conflict. This problem is made worse, as our current space systems were designed for a benign domain. This is why we are pursuing a resilient architecture of capabilities designed to exact military space power should war initiate in, or extend to, space.

https://www.defensenews.com/opinion/commentary/2020/09/14/space-dominance-requires-taking-technology-and-policy-risks/

It is expensive getting to space…..but there are some plans to cut the costs…..

The hardest thing about space is getting there. A 2016 estimate, using the SpaceX Dragon capsule on a Falcon 9 rocket, put the cost at $9,100 per pound. So the Pentagon is looking at ways to reduce the bill, including putting 3D printers into orbit to repair smaller satellites or even beef up their capabilities, the vice commander of the Space Force said in a recent interview.

That future might be built by companies like Redwire, which in June acquired Made in Space, which put a 3D printer aboard the International Space Station in 2014.

You might think that 3D printing on a space station is as easy as it is on Earth. But don’t underestimate the role that gravity plays. “There’s an entire engineering within an engineering process that has to take place,” said Austin Jordan, a communications manager at Redwire. “There are a lot of environmental factors and a lot of gravity factors that make it completely different.” 

https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2020/10/space-force-eyes-orbiting-3d-printers-satellite-tow-trucks/169084/

Once we get there and can begin our exploitation the Moon will be first on the list….

 

The discussion about mining the Moon resembles that of previous conquests: the division of territory; the grabbing of resources; language of theft and plunder.  All of this is given the gloss of manifest destiny and human experiment. Such language is also self-perpetuating: the plunderer is only as good as the amount taken; success is dependent on constant replenishment and expansion.

A presentation from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory sports the message that would sit comfortably with any empire builder in history.  “Across history, human development has relied upon the finite resources of the Earth.”  An unfortunate state of affairs, but never fear: “the moon – a seemingly barren rock – may actually be a treasure trove of rare resources vital to Earth’s future.  And now, nations are looking upwards to a potential lunar gold rush.”

Lunar Lunacy: Competition, Conflict and Mining the Moon

Before any of the invasions and occupations and exploitation can begin….we must understand the geopolitics of outer space.

Outer space is developing as the next domain of Geopolitics in this century. Space exploration, which began after the 1950s initially benefitted the scientific world. Later the increased dependence on outer space by the space-faring nations, for surveillance, reconnaissance, and telecommunication purposes in one way or another increased the nation’s pride. Soon, the outer space created an impact in the field of geopolitics. With the increasing impact of outer space in geopolitics and the many theories that have been put forward by scholars like Everett Dolman and David Deudney, outer space is today considered as the next critical domain. Many International Relations theories have been explaining this developing domain of geopolitics with varying perspectives. In this point, the fact that when one considers the geopolitics of outer space, it is very evident that events in the domain can be well explained in a neo-realist perspective, where the countries are competing for power, rather than the neo-liberal perspective, where the cooperation between the countries is given more emphasis. Since outer space is considered as an evolving and dynamic domain the relevance of the neo-realism and neoliberalism debate gathers much importance. Space is an entity that can be a source of a multitude of possible interpretations that are ambiguous or incompatible, and these differing interpretations led to the development of different political interpretations.  It has been argued by scholars that no genuine “debate” as such has been done in the domain, related to the theories of International Relations, except neo-realism and neo-liberalism debate; nevertheless, the idea of clearly distinct theories is analytically useful in allowing comparison of different perspectives and relating them to different policy implications.

The Neo-Neo Debate in Understanding the Geopolitics of Outer Space

I have been concerned with the uses of space…all those proposed uses seem to violate a treaty that the US and most other countries signed years ago….and as usual I had my thoughts put down on IST and Gulf South Free Press….

https://lobotero.com/2019/07/16/space-law-part-2/

https://gulfsouthfreepress.wordpress.com/2020/04/10/space-mining/

A lot of info to digest and I realize that some people have an allergic reaction if reading is required…..so I try to help them by including some short videos to help them grasp the concepts I have written.

Space–The Next Region For Conflict.

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More Space Stuff

My weekend begins with cooler temps and a weary mind from all the manure being spread in the media.

For something different I will will try to educate rather than obfuscate……

I may well be the only blogger that spends more time reading news than on social media body shaming some dickweed in LA……plus I do not see the need for blogs about fashion or make-up……such a self-absorbed society we have become.

Any way I have been watching the news about space and its exploration…..plus trying to get people to realize the plans that some are making are a violation of a treaty signed years ago….and may be illegal.

The newest news…….start with China…..they will be firing up an asteroid mining bot soon……

Beijing-based private space mining company Origin Space is launching its first ever “space mining robot” in November, IEEE Spectrum reports, on top of a Long March series rocket.

The concept of excavating resources in space is highly controversial. Many scientists have called for the solar system to be protected from such practices — but that hasn’t stopped global superpowers, particularly the US and China, from investigating ways to do so.

It may become a milestone moment in the country’s efforts to make use of space resources — but the robot, dubbed NEO-1, won’t be mining any asteroids itself.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/chinese-startup-space-mining-robot

While Japan is focusing on the moons of Mars and the possibility that human will soon land out there…..

Japan’s Martian Moons eXploration (MMX) mission aims to probe and observe Mars’ two moons, Phobos and Deimos, collect surface material, and return them to Earth.

MMX is scheduled to launch in 2024 and bring back rocks and other samples, possibly from Phobos, the larger of the two moons, five years later in 2029.

That puts Japan and its space agency JAXA in direct competition with the USA and Europe. The European Space Agency (ESA) and America’s NASA are working on a joint mission to bring back samples from the planet, but that may be two years later in 2031.

Those samples would be collected by NASA’s Perseverance rover, which is on its way there now. The rover will store samples in a process called “sample caching,” and wait until they can be retrieved later. Those would be the first samples returned from Mars.

https://www.dw.com/en/japans-mars-moons-mission-leads-to-human-spaceflight/a-54961901

A few visual aids for those that break out in a rash if they must read…..

There is a treaty already in place……

The rush to Mars reminds me of the 15th century rush to claim the New World and its treasures….but who actually owns what?

This situation will get uglier as the decades go by….and I do not think that it will end well for anyone.

But speaking of Mars.  How will the visitors build their shelters once they arrive?

Of course there is an answer….insect polymer.

A team of researchers are suggesting we could use one of the most common organic polymers on Earth to construct shelters on Mars.

The material, called chitin, is produced and metabolized by most biological organisms and makes up the bulk of the cell walls in fungi, insect exoskeletons, and fish scales.

The team, led by Javier Fernandez from the Singapore University of Technology and Design, attempted to make the material by combining a fiber made from chitin with mineral material that mimic the Martian soil.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/scientists-new-technique-build-mars-shelters

Now you know stuff you care nothing about….peace out.

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Venus Calling

NASA has spent a lifetime trying to find life on Mars and then Venus made the news more so than Mars….

Researchers have discovered significant sources of phosphine in the atmosphere of Venus — a colorless and odorless gas that they say is a possible sign of life, as it’s often the result of organic matter breaking down here on Earth.

The research was led by Jane Greaves from Cardiff University in the UK, and was published in Nature Astronomy today.

So far, Venus hasn’t topped the list of planets seen by astrobiologists as most likely to harbor life. Its surface is a swirling mix of toxic and extremely hot vapors, and temperatures can reach a toasty 800 degrees Fahrenheit (426 Celsius), while high concentrations of sulfuric acid raining from the skies — with thick clouds blocking most sunlight from ever reaching the surface — would ensure that life as we know it would stand little chance of surviving there.

But despite the inhospitable environment on the surface, some microbial life may be able to survive in the planet’s atmosphere, the researchers hypothesize.

https://futurism.com/signs-of-life-venus-phosphine

Is it possible that there could actually be some form of life on Venus?  What can we do to verify the findings?

Researchers announced on Monday that they had found evidence of life in the clouds of Venus, drawing massive media attention.

To confirm that life exists in the planet’s atmosphere, however, would require us to actually go there and have a closer look. The last time a spacecraft entered the Venusian atmosphere was the Soviet Union’s Vega 2 in 1985.

But luckily, private New Zealand-based space company Rocket Lab says it’s already working on sending its own Electron rocket, with a 660 pound spacecraft called Photon on board, to the planet as soon as 2023, The New York Times reports.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/life-venus-rocket-lab-mission

All might want to tread lightly….for like the New World of the 15th century….a flag has already been planted on Venus….

Russian space agency chief Dmitry Rogozin called Venus a “Russian planet” on Tuesday at an industry exhibition taking place in Moscow.

The unusual comment followed the recent high-profile discovery of significant sources of phosphine gas in the planet’s atmosphere, a possible sign of life.

“Our country was the first and only one to successfully land on Venus,” Rogozin said, as quoted by The Moscow Times, referring to the country’s successful explorations of Venus in the 60s, 70s and 80s.

Roscosmos piled on, writing that the “enormous gap between the Soviet Union and its competitors in the investigation of Venus contributed to the fact that the United States called Venus a Soviet planet,” in a statement quoted by Euronews.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/head-russian-space-program-venus-russian-planet

Just a reminder of the finer points of “Space Law”…..

Looks like the rush to claim space has begun and will not end well….wars have broken out over who claims what…..that is history.

Rain a cooler weather will be ours for a few days…..some well deserved coolness.

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

Sunday Space News

I may be one of the few bloggers that is keeping an eye on space and the news that comes out……from the Space force to Space Law……

Warp speed….FTL……hyper-drive……all this is suppose to bring us close to light speed…..at least in pop scifi……

There is a news story that announces a new drive that could very well o what fiction tells us…..

80-year-old lung cancer survivor and California State University, Fullerton physics professor emeritus Jim Woodward has an out-of-this-world idea to allow spacecraft to travel to neighboring star systems: tiny crystals that vibrate tens of thousands of times per second when an electric current is applied.

His invention, dubbed  the Mach-effect gravitational assist (MEGA) drive, makes the extraordinary promise of a propulsion system that relies on nothing but a source of electricity — no heavy combustion fuel necessary, as Wired reports in a fascinating new feature.

The idea is to accelerate slowly, but over a very long period of time. According to Woodward, a spacecraft with a MEGA drive could eventually reach velocities approaching the speed of light, with the help of an onboard nuclear reactor to supply decades worth of electric power.

https://futurism.com/nasa-funded-scientist-new-thruster-light-speed

BIG NEWS!

First Space Force soldiers to deploy to Iraq….(think about that)…….

The U.S. Space Force has marked another milestone for the history books: the first official deployment of its troops — and it’s not to the moon.

Twenty airmen assigned to the 16th Expeditionary Space Control Flight and the 609th Air Operations Center at Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar, transferred into the military’s newest branch during enlistment or oath of office ceremonies earlier this month, according to a news release. The airmen are in organic space career fields such as space operations and space systems operations, officials said.

https://www.military.com/daily-news/2020/09/09/first-members-of-space-force-just-deployed-middle-east.html

What I really like is the Space Law stuff….I have written a couple of times in the past….

https://lobotero.com/2019/04/12/space-law/

https://lobotero.com/2019/07/16/space-law-part-2/

An Arctic incident from the past shows that we need to work out if there is a killing in space…..

Mario Escamilla was furious. A colleague of his, nicknamed Porky, had just stolen his jug of raisin wine. So the 33-year-old Escamilla grabbed a rifle and set out to reclaim it. He had no idea he was about to get tangled up in one of the knottiest homicides in history—a killing that also raises serious questions about how humankind should handle the first, inevitable murder in outer space.

Escamilla worked on T-3, also known as Fletcher’s ice island, a Manhattan-size hunk of ice that at the time was floating north of Canada in the Arctic Ocean, roughly 350 miles from the North Pole. T-3 had been occupied off and on since the 1950s, and 19 scientists and technicians were stationed there during the summer of 1970, studying ocean currents and wind and weather patterns.

https://slate.com/technology/2020/07/arctic-t3-murder-space.html

Just a few thoughts that I had after reading articles……

Space–The Final Frontier……to boldly go where no man has gone before…..all the space news that you could not possibly use.

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

Legal “Black Holes” Of Outer Space

Since the inception of the newest military branch in the US, the Space Force, I have been trying to get people to see the legal implications of so-called space exploration.

First to me this “Force” will be more about occupation than exploration.

I have written several times about the treaties and the legal aspects of this force in operation in space.

https://lobotero.com/2019/04/12/space-law/

https://lobotero.com/2019/07/16/space-law-part-2/

For those that cannot read…..a couple of short videos…..

 
The US among other international players have signed this treaty…..
 
By adopting the 1967 UN Outer Space Treaty (OST) as an analytical framework in relation to the rise of the so-called US ‘NewSpace’ actors, this essay argues that there are significant legal ambiguities regarding the status of private space companies in orbital space. Such loopholes allow the US government to circumvent its own obligations to the OST, whilst simultaneously undermining the notion of space as a ‘global commons’ through a commodification process. The lack of specificity within the OST surrounding private property rights over extra-terrestrial resources risks the prospect of reinforcing Earth-bound wealth inequalities and US dominance in space, by restricting the potential economic benefits for the broader global citizenry in favour of a narrow class of wealthy American investors. Moreover, the OST’s weak clause regarding the regulation of space surveillance risks the incentivisation of a ‘global panopticon’ network of US satellites. The rise of dual-use technology is blurring the boundaries between military and civilian observations, raising serious ethical concerns over the nature of US space-based data collection. Finally, the increasing number of private satellite constellations is facilitating the possibility of cataclysmic space debris collisions which could exacerbate geopolitical tensions. Such developments are also contributing towards the contamination of the broader space environment in ways that the OST had never envisioned.
 
This could open up the SciFi scenario of corporations owning space…..
 
Also the treaty forbade the placing of weapons of offensive style in space…but that has stopped NO one…..
… corporate media repeated U.S. military propaganda: that Russia had “tested new technologies that could lead to so-called ‘killer satellites’” (ABC); the U.S. and Britain “accused Russia of testing a weapon-like projectile in space that could be used to target satellites in orbit” (BBC); “the US has publicly accused Russia of testing an ‘orbit weapon’” (CNN); “The launch could represent a step towards the militarisation of space”(Sky News); and so on.
 
These reports invert the chronology of events and omit the U.S. agenda to dominate space. Like China’s verified destruction of its own weather satellite in 2007, Russia’s alleged maneuvers in space are—if true—a response to what the Pentagon calls “Full Spectrum Dominance”: “dominating the space dimension of military operations to protect U.S. interests and investment.” This was a Clinton-era doctrine (1993-2001) which continues into the present. The Bush administration (2001-09) extended the policy, going from domination to “ownership”: Like the battles of old, “whoever owned the high ground owned the fight.” So-called Ballistic Missile Defense, which is supposedly designed counter nuclear weapons-carrying ICBMs, are actually missiles with the potential for first-strike capacity.

The Space Wars Have Begun

It appears that all signatories of the 1967 treaty have forgotten their pledge that space would be developed for all of mankind…..now they are just weaponizing space as quickly as possible.

Time to make these players live up to the treaty they signed all those years ago.

After I completed this draft news cam out about our new Space Force……they now have a doctrine published…..

The Space Force has three guiding responsibilities, according to the document. They are:

  • Preserve freedom of action 
  • Enable joint lethality and effectiveness
  • Provide independent options

“The United States’ ability to project and employ national power is predicated on access to space. Therefore, unfettered access to and freedom to operate in space is a vital national interest,” the document says.

But read the doctrine for yourself…DO NOT take my word for it….

Click to access Space%20Capstone%20Publication_10%20Aug%202020.pdf

Amazing what crap you can sell if you wrap it in the “national security blanket”……

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The Sale Of The Century

Can a person/business sell something that does not belong to them?

I know scams like selling the Brooklyn Bridge or selling Florida land by the gallon….and since Americans elected a con man as president then his newest scam is a monumental one……he wants to sell the Moon…..not tracts but the whole damn planetoid.

When astronaut Neil Armstrong landed on the Moon in 1969, it was seen as an idealistic leap into the cosmos – a “giant leap for mankind”. 

Earlier this month, the real estate developer who improbably became US President legally declared that he sees the Moon in far less elevated terms. He signed an executive order authorising private, commercial uses of the Moon and other “off-Earth” “resources” like Mars and meteors.

Heavenly bodies are now seen as underleveraged assets meant to generate profits.

https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/trump-scheme-sell-moon-200421085841018.html

Trump is drafting the plan called the Artemis Accord……

The Trump administration is reportedly working on an international agreement that would lay out ground rules for moon bases and lunar mining. The Artemis Accords, named for NASA’s new Artemis moon program, proposes having “safety zones” around a country’s moon base. “The idea is if you are going to be coming near someone’s operations … then you need to reach out to them in advance,” a source tells Reuters. The outlet notes a base can’t be claimed as sovereign territory, as the 1967 Outer Space Treaty states celestial bodies are “not subject to national appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation, or by any other means.” But the goal here is coordination so as to prevent interference between rival operations, a source says. These bases will be hugely important when it comes to mined resources.

While Trump has signed an executive order allowing the US to claim resources it mines in space, per Fox News, this agreement lays out international rules for doing so, according to sources. Rather than enter the lengthy United Nations treaty process, which would involve working with countries with no interest in space, the US is seeking an agreement with “like-minded nations,” a senior administration official tells Reuters. Negotiations with Canada, Japan, the United Arab Emirates, and European countries are expected in the coming weeks. It looks like Russia is to be excluded after launching a missile system believed to be able to destroy satellites in low Earth orbit, reports Newsweek. NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine said Tuesday that participation hinged on adhering to “norms of behavior that we expect” in space.

https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-space-exploration-moon-mining-exclusi/exclusive-trump-administration-drafting-artemis-accords-pact-for-moon-mining-sources-idUKKBN22H2S1

Is this just another con by Trump Enterprises?

Not to mention that treaty that the US signed back in the day…..

Don’t solely blame Trump….his nemesis Obama also signed unto this when he was president…..

European specialists in space law on Dec. 4 said the recently enacted U.S. Commercial Space Act may contravene international treaties and will inevitably stir up a hornet’s nest of opposition.

The law confers on U.S. citizens the right to engage in commercial exploitation of outer space minerals, a right that might be viewed as violating the United Nations Outer Space Treaty of 1967, which says in part: “Outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, is not subject to national appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation, or by any other means.”

New U.S. Space Mining Law’s Treaty Compliance May Depend on Implementation

It is a violation of the Treaty…no matter how flowered you want to talk about it….it violates the Outer Space Treaty of 1967.

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

Saturday’s Space Stuff

Today I return to the days of yore and the subject that few are watching…that topic would be space…..

First the Earth has a new moon…but before I write on that….why do other planets have cool names for their moons and ours is just….. MOON?

The new moon…..

Take a gander at the stars, and you might spot … no, you won’t. It’s way too small. But scientists say Earth likely has another moon—at least for now—that’s no bigger than a car, New Scientist reports. Astronomers at the Catalina Sky Survey in Arizona noticed it crossing the sky on Feb. 15 and posted a tweet with images. The Minor Planet Center followed up with a statement that “this object is temporarily bound to the Earth” and “no link to a known artificial object has been found.” The upshot is that it’s likely an asteroid, about 6 by 11 feet, that was ensared by Earth’s gravity. What’s interesting is how rarely astronomers notice these “minimoons,” considering all the millions of asteroids zipping around our solar system.

Only one was officially observed before now, back in 2006. It orbited Earth for 11 months before breaking free into space, Popular Mechanics recently recalled. Such minimoons also get pulled into Earth’s atmosphere and become meteors, like fireballs that were spotted in Australia in 2016 and Europe in 2014. Seems they might be useful, too: A scientist told Astronomy in November that minimoons are “awesome” because they’re “the most accessible object” we can reach in the solar system. The magazine explained they could be used “for sample return missions, tests of asteroid redirection technologies or resource mining.” As for the latest minimoon, dubbed 2020 CD3, it’s probably bound to our planet for the next three years.

Its big and we should take notice…..or not……your choice.

Originally discovered by the Kepler space telescope, G 9–40b has just been confirmed as an exoplanet by a team of Penn State researchers using the Habitable-zone Planet Finder (HPF) located in Texas.

This world, G 9–40b, is at least twice as large as Earth, and is likely significantly larger — possibly closer to the size of Neptune. It orbits its parent star just 100 light years from Earth once every five days and 17 hours at a distance of 5,760,000 km (5,580,000 miles), roughly 25 times closer than the distance between the Earth and Sun.

https://thenextweb.com/syndication/2020/02/25/extremely-big-and-incredibly-close-meet-the-new-neptune-sized-exoplanet-g-9-40b/

Astronauts and their “human needs”……

As space agencies work to launch crewed missions deeper and deeper into space, they tend to overlook one crucial variable: astronauts are people, meaning they sometimes get horny.

That’s the problem presented in an essay published in The Conversation last week: that NASA and other groups are failing to prepare for crewmembers’ human needs. In other words, astronauts may face undue psychological and mental strain due to space abstinence.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/scientists-astronauts-bone-space

I wrote about that guy that wanted to prove the world is flat by launching himself into space in a home-made rocket…..(that just does not sound like it will end well)…..

And it did not!

For years, a daredevil named Mike “Mad Mike” Hughes has been trumpeting his plan to launch himself in a homemade rocket in order to prove that Earth is flat.

This weekend, Hughes finally launched himself in his homemade rocket — and crashed a minute later, dying in the wreck.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/guy-builds-rocket-earth-flat-crashes-dies

And that sums up the not so important news that you will never use…..besides MoMo has her “walk me” look….

Image

I shall return when I return…..Peace Out!

I Read, I Write, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

More Space Stuff!

Here I go again with the space thingy….

My readers know that I keep an eye on the Space Force and our travels outside the atmosphere…..

Are we alone in this vast universe?

We may have an answer soon as exploration of Jupiter’s moons may rove that we are not alone….

In just a few short years, we may know if we’re not alone.

Two probes are being sent to a mysterious moon bursting with the ingredients of life. And expectations are high we’ll find it.

Once it was thought life could not exist without the sun’s warming rays.

We were wrong.

The equation for life (as we know it) is surprisingly simple: soluble water, an energy source, and organic compounds.

Jupiter’s moon Europa appears to have all three.

That’s why we’re going there.

https://www.news.com.au/technology/science/space/we-are-not-alone-confirmation-of-alien-life-imminent-and-inevitable/news-story/5f1c8c9822b872fb7c9a091d31c29fbc

Our new military branch, Space Force, is getting closer to reality….

The Space Force is setting up a “space doctrine center” where the brand-new American armed service can begin to hammer out how to optimally operate in space, the head of Space Operations Command said Friday.

The Space Force was formally established on Dec. 20 as an independent military branch inside the Department of the Air Force. But much still needs to be done to get the fledgling service up on its feet, including laying out its organizational structure, creating a logo, potentially changing the name of bases and transferring airmen over to the Space Force.

Both the Air Force and Space Force have been working to fulfill these tasks, said Maj. Gen. John Shaw, who leads Space Operations Command and holds the title of U.S. Space Command’s combined force space component commander. Space Operations Command was formerly known as 14th Air Force up until the creation of the Space Force.

https://www.defensenews.com/space/2020/01/10/space-force-to-stand-up-a-doctrine-hub/

Then there is SapceX and their plan for Mars in 2050…..

SpaceX CEO Elon Musk revealed new details about his plans to colonize Mars.

In theory, 1,000 Starships could eventually send “maybe around 100k people per Earth-Mars orbital sync,” Musk tweeted. “That’s the goal,” he added.

Musk envisions these ships departing Earth orbit over a 30-day period, the window of time when Earth and Mars are best aligned to make the trip, every 26 months.

https://futurism.com/the-byte/elon-musk-million-people-mars-2050

I watch The Expanse and you know I can see that world unfolding day by day…..there will be three factions trying to dominate space….Earth, Mars and the newly populated the Outer Planets…..the way we are going about space exploration will not end well for humanity…..but that is a post for another year…no doubt….

I Read, I Wrote, You Know

“lego ergo scribo”

 

Weaponizing Space?

***This is a lot of information to digest but it will become more and more important in the coming years***

The weaponizing of space has begun for Trump has his funding to establish the “Space Force”…..

Congress has approved a compromise defense policy bill that creates a new Space Force in exchange for establishing paid parental leave for federal workers, as part of $738 billion for the Pentagon for 2020.

The Senate overwhelmingly approved the bill Tuesday, 82-8, just days after the House passed it, 377-48. The bill now goes to the White House for President Donald Trump’s signature, and he has signaled he will sign the defense policy measure.

(Military Times)

How much will the Repubs add to the deficit?

His Majesty’s new branch of the military, the Space Force, will do doing something that will violate a long standing treaty.

The Outer Space Treaty was considered by the Legal Subcommittee in 1966 and agreement was reached in the General Assembly in the same year ( resolution 2222 (XXI)). The Treaty was largely based on the Declaration of Legal Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, which had been adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution 1962 (XVIII) in 1963, but added a few new provisions. The Treaty was opened for signature by the three depository Governments (the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States of America) in January 1967, and it entered into force in October 1967. The Outer Space Treaty provides the basic framework on international space law, including the following principles:

  • the exploration and use of outer space shall be carried out for the benefit and in the interests of all countries and shall be the province of all mankind;
  • outer space shall be free for exploration and use by all States;
  • outer space is not subject to national appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation, or by any other means;
  • States shall not place nuclear weapons or other weapons of mass destruction in orbit or on celestial bodies or station them in outer space in any other manner;
  • the Moon and other celestial bodies shall be used exclusively for peaceful purposes;
  • astronauts shall be regarded as the envoys of mankind;
  • States shall be responsible for national space activities whether carried out by governmental or non-governmental entities;
  • States shall be liable for damage caused by their space objects; and
  • States shall avoid harmful contamination of space and celestial bodies.

Does anybody remember SDI?  Too young?

Help is here.

Back in the day it was too expensive and nukes in space was unacceptable….well times change…..

There are some that see it as weaponizing space yet again…..

Donald Trump’s announcement of a “Space Force” is by no means a new idea. During the Reagan presidency, a similar idea was proposed in the form of the famous “Star Wars“ program, formally known as the Strategic Defense Initiative. It aimed to do away with the concept of mutually assured destruction (MAD) by positioning anti-ballistic-missile (ABM) interceptors in low-Earth orbit in order for them to be able to easily intercept ballistic missiles during their entry into orbit and before their re-entry phase. The costs and technology at the time proved prohibitive for the program, but military planners retained the dream of negating the concept of MAD in Washington’s favor, especially with the dawning of the unipolar era following the collapse of the Soviet Union.

The decisions taken in the years since, such as the US withdrawal from the ABM Treaty in 2002 during Bush’s presidency and from the INF Treaty during Trump’s, follows Reagan in trying to invalidate MAD, a balance of terror that has served to maintain a strategic stability.

Trump’s “Space Force”: Weaponizing Space Is the “New” Bad Idea Coming from Washington

Our circling satellites will be armed….say what?  I thought they already were….or is that a secret?

the French government accused Russia of an “act of space espionage,” when Moscow’s signals-intelligence satellite Luch-Olymp was steered “a bit too closely” to France’s military communications satellite Athena-Fidus. “It got so close,” France’s Armed Forces Minister Florence Parly reportedly said at the time, “that we might have imagined it was trying to intercept our communications—trying to listen to your neighbors is not only unfriendly, it’s an act of espionage.”

Last week, Parly announced details of a new “defense space strategy” at the Lyon-Mont Verdun air defense operations base. “Having a reinforced space defense is absolutely essential,” she said, “it is our freedom of appreciation, access and action in space that is at stake.” France’s Le Point reported that in the summer of 2019, space has finally become “a field of action.

https://www.forbes.com/sites/zakdoffman/2019/07/29/military-satellites-to-be-armed-with-lasers-and-guns-as-space-war-gets-real/

Let’s not forget about the Air Force’s secret “space” plane, the X-37B…..

A Dutch skywatcher achieved a rare feat in late June and early July 2019. Using a 10-inch-diameter telescope fitted with a camera, Ralf Vandebergh photographed the U.S. Air Force’s secretive X-37B space plane in mid-mission 210 miles over Earth’s surface.

“We can recognize a bit of the nose, payload bay and tail of this mini-shuttle, with even a sign of some smaller detail,” Vandebergh told Space.com.

https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/us-air-forces-secret-x-37b-space-plane-war-machine-69861

So what Reagan could not get done…..Supreme Leader Trump will make it a reality….weaponizing space.

The predecessors of Star Fleet, the US Space Command, is a mere weeks away from reality.

A new US Space Command will formally launch within weeks, the deputy commander of US Strategic Command told reporters July 31.

“I think it’d probably be about weeks—we should see the actual establishment of US Space Command,” Vice Adm. David Kriete said. “I think we’re on a good track in terms of our planning.”

Kriete said the timeline for launching the revived SPACECOM, which will take over responsibility for space combat operations from STRATCOM, will be at the discretion of new Defense Secretary Mark Esper. The Pentagon has not yet announced where SPACECOM headquarters will be, but its two major components will be located at Vandenberg AFB, Calif., and Schriever AFB, Colo. The Senate recently confirmed Air Force Space Command boss Gen. Jay Raymond to lead the combatant command.

http://www.airforcemag.com/Features/Pages/2019/July%202019/US-Space-Command-Set-to-Launch-Within-Weeks.aspx

Reagan’s dream of the weaponization of space is near completion.

Now comes the war footing mindset….

Is the United States headed for war that begins in or extends into space? We should hope not. As Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. David Goldfein recently observed, “If a war actually starts in space, everybody loses.” But deterring conflict in space requires credible and effective responses to aggression. The U.S. Air Force and U.S. Space Command, in partnership with industry, are developing options to field the sensors, shooters, and command and control nodes required to fight in, through, and from space by engaging targets. But the development of space-minded warfighters is the best way to make joint space operations more credible and responsive by both enabling and increasing the lethality of multidomain operations, or what the Joint Staff now calls “joint all-domain command and control.” The U.S. military needs to show commanders, partners, and potential adversaries that it can achieve objectives in any domain by executing all the steps needed to be able to take action in space when required. This requires a vastly different mindset than America’s historic focus in space, which has been to optimize space support to operations in other domains. Space operations have historically been split between multiple organizations with varying missions. With the U.S. military’s new commitment to develop a dedicated space force, these diverse agencies should develop a more comprehensive unity of effort.

The Kill Chain in Space: Developing a Warfighting Mindset 

NATO, the US puppet in international situations, has also jumped on the space bandwagon…..

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization recently declared that space is an “operational domain” for the alliance. Though much work remains to actualize an integrated NATO space posture, the affirmation is an important benchmark as NATO scrambles to meet rapidly evolving space and counter-space threats.

Today, space-based assets are an Achilles’ heel of U.S. military operations, representing a vital enabling mechanism upon which success often depends. In addition, great power adversaries could target civilian space assets to wreak havoc on the homeland in ways that redound far beyond the military realm.

NATO declares space ‘operational domain,’ but more work remains

Nothing about this should be seen as a step forward….this will benefit very few other than the people in the industry….and yet could eventually effect us all….and not in a good way.

Since I am one of the few bloggers interested in this situation….all I can say is…..

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Take Us To Your Leader

It is the weekend again and the old professor is going to write about space again…that one subject that gets very little ink because it is just not that important to the world anymore….but that will change.

But it is to me. My concern is now that corporations are showing an interest in space travel where does that leave the human race?

For anyone that would like to get the news on space and policy……https://spacepolicyonline.com/

We have an Outer Space Treaty of 1968…that sets parameters for the exploration of space by member nations of the UN….however the problem is corporations have not signed on to this and are free to exploit without consequences.

https://lobotero.com/2019/11/17/the-outer-space-treaty-of-1967/

The exploration is NO longer for the benefit of humanity but rather for the profits corporations can extract.

Time for an updated treaty and laws that ALL will be held up to in the future.

Now we need to talk about the possibility of finding an alien race as we explore the universe……

In the course of human history, perhaps no landmark would ever compare to the discovery of extraterrestrial life. Hell, you’ve been waiting for it your whole life: that amazing moment where little grey dudes land on Earth, wave hello, and ask to be taken to your leader… assuming they don’t vaporize Earth’s cities, first. The mass of people who wanted to storm Area 51 demonstrates just how hungry Earthlings are for intergalactic companions. On the other hand, while meeting an E.T. would be ridiculously cool, it’d also prove that humans truly aren’t the center of the universe. Is Earth ready for that? And, if you ask the experts, how long will it be before first contact finally happens?

https://www.grunge.com/173763/heres-how-long-experts-think-it-will-take-to-find-alien-life/

Next…..just what is the protocol if we have contact with alien life?

Well, there has been a lot of thought about it. “There’s a big debate within the whole community over whether we should respond or not,” says Dr John Elliot, joint coordinator for the UK Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (Seti) Research Network – although he admits that it may not be a choice that any single body gets to make. Seti’s policy, once it is fairly sure that an intercepted signal is an alien message, will be to share it openly to allow people all over the world to try to understand it. Thereafter, it will be hard to stop anyone from answering. “I would have thought that there would be a reply made in some form at some point round the globe by someone with the required equipment,” Elliot says.

This scenario imagines receiving a transmission, but not alien visitors themselves. The chance of that is considered remote, even by those who expect aliens to exist, because even aliens are presumed to work within the laws of physics. In summary: our galaxy is a flattish disc about 100,000 light years across, and our planet is right at a sparse edge of it; only a small proportion of the planets in our galaxy are within, say, 1,000 light years of us. As a result, even a craft from such a nearby planet travelling directly towards us at half of light speed – which may be impossibly fast for a machine with life inside it – would take 2,000 years to get here. Why would it come? And what are the chances of it arriving exactly now?

https://www.theguardian.com/science/shortcuts/2016/oct/30/what-protocol-aliens-make-contact-arrival

Let me add my thought on the possibility…..

You know when you go to the supermarket and some bum is outside soliciting funds and you pretend that you do not hear him?  In simpler terms…you ignore him and keep walking.

Well that is what aliens are doing….they are ignoring us and just continue on their way but not before putting up a space beacon that says “NO Intelligent Life Here”.

That is the space news for a Sunday……

I Read, I Wrote, You Know

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